Regulation (EU) 2021/1153 establishing the Connecting Europe Facility

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Series Details L 249, Pages 38-81
Publication Date 14/07/2021
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Regulation (EU) 2021/1153 - formally adopted by the European Union (EU) on 7 July 2021 - establishing the legal basis for the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF)  for the period 2021-2027. This is a text with EEA relevance.

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For the period 2021-2027, the Connecting Europe Facility 2.0 is aimed at supporting investment in transport, energy and digital infrastructure through the development of the Trans-European Networks (TENs). These facilitate cross-border connections and foster greater cohesion across the European Union (EU). For the 2021-2027 period, the budget amounts to around €25.8 billion for transport, around €5.8 billion for energy and around €2.1 billion for digital.

This Regulation lays down the objectives of the CEF, its budget for the period 2021-2027, the forms of Union funding and the rules for providing such funding. It also repeals Regulation (EU) No 1316/2013 and Regulation (EU) No 283/2014.

The draft law was tabled by the European Commission on 6 June 2018, in the framework of the discussions on the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) for the period 2021-2027. The Council of the European Union adopted a partial general approach regarding the draft law on 3 December, while the European Parliament adopted its negotiating position on 12 December. An informal agreement between the co-legislators on this proposal was reached on 8 March 2019. Following the adjusted proposals for the MFF 2021-2027, the amounts attached to this programme were discussed at the highest level by the European Council and a political agreement was reached in July 2020. The Parliament adopted a Resolution on this file on 23 July. One of the sticking issues was the funding ringfenced by the European Council for the Rail Baltica project. A revised informal agreement between the co-legislators was reached on 11 March 2021. The compromise text for the proposed Regulation was formally endorsed by the Council on 14 June, followed by the Parliament's plenary on 6 July. The Act was signed by the co-legislators on 7 July and published in the Official Journal on 14 July 2021.

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Commentary and Analysis
EurActiv: Opinion, 05/11/2018: Four priorities for a future-oriented Connecting Europe Facility
EPRS: Briefing, November 2018: Establishing the Connecting Europe Facility 2021-2027 - Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment
EPRS: Briefing, July 2021: Connecting Europe Facility 2021-2027: Financing key EU infrastructure networks

Politico, 20/02/2020: Struggle over Rail Baltica spills into Brussels budget fray, 16/07/2020: Vital Rail Baltica funding approved by European Union
ERR News, 12/03/2021: Rail Baltica EU funding dispute reaches resolution
EurActiv, 15/03/2021: EU reaches agreement on cross-border infrastructure funding
International Railway Journal, 07/07/2021: European Parliament adopts Connecting Europe Facility

EUR-LEX: COM(2018)438: Proposal for a Regulation establishing the Connecting Europe Facility
EUR-LEX: SWD(2018)312: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Impact assessment
EUR-Lex: SWD(2018)313: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Executive summary of the impact assessment
EUR-LEX: COM(2021)309: Communication concerning the position of the Council on the adoption of a Regulation stablishing the Connecting Europe Facility
European Parliament: Legislative Observatory: Procedure File for Proposal on Connecting Europe facility 2021–2027 (2018/0228(COD))
European Parliament: Legislative Train Schedule: Proposal for a regulation establishing the Connecting Europe Facility 2021-2027
European Commission: Connecting Europe Facility
European Commission: Press Release, 06/06/2018: Commission proposes increased funding to invest in connecting Europeans with high-performance infrastructure
European Parliament: Press Release, 22/11/2018: MEPs want to ensure sufficient funding for Connecting Europe’s future
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 03/12/2018: Supporting transport, digital and energy sectors – Council agrees its position on Connecting Europe Facility
European Commission: Press Release, 08/03/2019: EU Budget: Commission welcomes provisional agreement for funding high-performance infrastructure to better connect Europeans
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 11/03/2021: Connecting Europe Facility: informal agreement with European Parliament on the post-2020 programme
European Parliament: Press Release, 12/03/2021: Connecting Europe Facility: provisional deal on next generation programme
European Commission: Press Release, 12/03/2021: Commission welcomes agreement on the Connecting Europe Facility to fund greener, more sustainable transport and energy networks, and digitalisation
European Parliament: Press Release, 15/04/2021: Transport and industry MEPs back deal on Connecting Europe Facility
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 14/06/2021: EU’s flagship programme Connecting Europe Facility 2.0 adopted by the Council
European Parliament: Press Release, 07/07/2021: €30 billion for infrastructure projects connecting EU regions

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