Amended Proposal for a Regulation establishing the framework for achieving climate neutrality (European Climate Law)

Author (Corporate)
Series Details COM (2020) 563
Publication Date 17/09/2020
Content Type

Summary:

Legislative initiative initially tabled by the European Commission in March 2020, aimed at writing into law the goal set out in the European Green Deal relating to climate neutrality by 2050. An amended proposal was adopted on 17 September to reflect a revised target for reducing in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This proposal aims to amend Regulation (EU) 2018/1999.

Further information:

The Communication setting out the European Green Deal launched a new growth strategy for the European Union (EU). The European Green Deal also reaffirms the European Commission's ambition to make Europe the first climate-neutral continent by 2050. Tackling climate change is seen as an urgent challenge, one which requires the EU to step its action to show global leadership by setting such target, covering all sectors of the economy and compensating, by 2050, not only any remaining CO2 but also any other remaining greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, as set out in the 2018 Communication on 'A Clean Planet for All'.

This proposal aims to establish the framework for achieving EU climate neutrality. It aims to provide a direction by setting a pathway to climate neutrality, and enhance certainty and confidence on this commitment. To this end, it puts forward legally-binding target net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. This would mean achieving such a target for Member States of the European Union (EU) as a whole. The proposed law aims to ensure that all policies contribute to this goal and that all sectors of the economy and society play their part. It includes measures to keep track of progress and adjust actions accordingly. Progress is to be reviewed every five years.

This initiative was first unveiled as the European Green Deal was published in November 2019, and a public discussion was launched in January 2020 through a high-level public conference on 'Implementing the European Green Deal - the European Climate Law'. A public consultation on a future European Climate Pact was also launched alongside the legislative initiative.

The proposal was formally adopted by the Commission on 4 March 2020. On the same day, the relevant committee of the European Parliament held an extraordinary meeting to discuss the proposal which was attended by Greta Thunberg. This committee adopted on 10 September 2020 its position on the initiative. On 17 September, the European Commission tabled an amended proposal to reflect a revised target for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, as stated in the so-called 2030 Climate Target Plan.

The plenary of the European Parliament adopted its negotiating position on 7 October, which further increases the target to 60% from the Commission's proposed 55%. The Council of the European Union adopted a partial general approach on this proposal on 23 October.

Source Link https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=COM:2020:0563:FIN
Related Link(s)
Commentary and Analysis
Politico, 04/03/2020: Brussels’ climate ambitions run into national resistance https://www.politico.eu/pro/brussels-climate-green-deal-climate-law-ambitions-run-into-national-resistance/
EurActiv: Special Reports, March 2020: Europe’s new Climate Law: Leaving no-one behind? https://www.euractiv.com/section/energy/special_report/europes-new-climate-law-leaving-no-one-behind/
Eversheds Sutherland: Articles, 23/03/2020: Delivering climate neutrality- the European Climate Law https://www.eversheds-sutherland.com/global/en/what/articles/index.page?ArticleID=en/Environment/Delivering-climate-neutrality-the-European-Climate-Law
Maastricht University: Law Blog, 30/03/2020: The European climate law: too much power for the Commission? https://www.maastrichtuniversity.nl/blog/2020/03/european-climate-law-too-much-power-commission
EPRS: Briefing, April 2020: European climate law https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_BRI(2020)649385
Greenpeace, 28/04/2020: EU Parliament lead negotiator backs 65% climate emission cuts by 2030 https://www.greenpeace.org/eu-unit/issues/climate-energy/2787/eu-parliament-lead-negotiator-backs-65-climate-emission-cuts-by-2030/
EEB: Library, 03/05/2020: Response to the proposed EU Climate Law https://eeb.org/library/response-to-the-proposed-eu-climate-law/
Earth.org: Policy & Economics, 18/06/2020: The EU Climate Law: Europe’s Man on the Moon Moment? https://earth.org/eu-climate-law-europes-man-on-the-moon-moment/
Confederation of Finnish Industries: Blog, 02/07/2020: Nordic discussion on the role of business in reaching the objectives of climate action and economic recovery https://ek.fi/en/current/2020/07/02/nordic-discussion-on-the-role-of-business-in-reaching-the-objectives-of-climate-action-and-economic-recovery/#:~:text=In%20a%20joined%20position%20the,commitments%20to%20the%20Paris%20agreement.
LSE: Grantham Institute: Policy Publication, 03/09/2020: The design of an independent expert advisory mechanism under the European Climate Law: What are the options? https://www.lse.ac.uk/granthaminstitute/publication/the-design-of-an-independent-expert-advisory-mechanism-under-the-european-climate-law/
EurActiv, 07/09/2020: A ‘solidarity clause’ in the EU climate law https://www.euractiv.com/section/emissions-trading-scheme/opinion/a-solidarity-clause-in-the-eu-climate-law/
World Wide Fund for Nature: European Office, 09/09/2020: Will MEPs turn ‘climate emergency’ words into a climate law that works? https://www.wwf.eu/?uNewsID=786391
Politico, 10/09/2020: 4 things to know about the EU’s battle to cut emissions https://www.politico.eu/article/4-things-to-know-about-the-eus-battle-to-cut-emissions/
Bruegel: Blog, 06/10/2020: The European climate law needs a strong just transition fund https://www.bruegel.org/2020/10/the-european-climate-law-needs-a-strong-just-transition-fund/

News
The Guardian, 29/11/2019: Proposed EU-wide 'climate law' would set net-zero carbon target by 2050 https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/nov/29/first-eu-wide-climate-law-to-set-net-zero-carbon-target-by-2050
EUObserver, 29/01/2020: Timmermans: EU climate law will 'discipline' rogue states https://euobserver.com/environment/147291
Reuters, 02/03/2020: Environment groups say EU's planned climate law means a lost decade https://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKKBN20P29E
Associated Press, 03/03/2020: Greens, Thunberg say EU climate law lacks ambition https://apnews.com/42003f357fc99f5865f7365fc1dbcf66
The Guardian, 04/03/2020: Focus on coronavirus shows need for climate law, says EU official https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/mar/04/focus-coronavirus-shows-need-climate-law-says-eu-official-frans-timmermans
The New York Times, 04/03/2020: E.U. Proposes a Climate Law. Greta Thunberg Hears ‘Empty Words.’ https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/04/world/europe/eu-climate-law-greta-thunberg.html
Associated Press, 04/03/2020: EU commission unveils climate law amid criticism https://apnews.com/22d55a676a7d49ed11a9ac2d1ad8d208
EurActiv, 04/03/2020: EU’s Timmermans responds to Greta’s criticisms over European Climate Law https://www.euractiv.com/section/climate-environment/news/eus-timmermans-responds-to-gretas-criticisms-over-european-climate-law/
BBC News, 04/03/2020: Greta Thunberg brands EU's new climate law 'surrender' https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-51736134
EUObserver, 04/03/2020: EU climate law slammed for delaying action https://euobserver.com/green-deal/147625
Politico, 04/03/2020: Greta Thunberg rains on EU climate law parade https://www.politico.eu/article/greta-thunberg-rains-on-eu-climate-law-parade/
EurActiv, 05/03/2020: EU’s next top climate model under scrutiny https://www.euractiv.com/section/climate-environment/news/eus-next-top-climate-model-under-scrutiny/
Reuters, 08/05/2020: European lawmakers to consider tougher climate law: draft https://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKKBN22K10P
EurActiv, 29/05/2020: EU lawmakers debate 65% climate target proposal https://www.euractiv.com/section/energy-environment/news/eu-parliaments-climate-committee-divided-over-65-climate-target/
Reuters, 10/09/2020: EU Parliament's environment committee votes to support 60% EU emissions cut by 2030 https://uk.reuters.com/article/2030-idUKKBN2612F3
EurActiv, 11/09/2020: EU lawmakers up the ante, vote for 60% climate target for 2030 https://www.euractiv.com/section/climate-environment/news/eu-lawmakers-up-the-ante-vote-for-60-climate-target-for-2030/
Reuters, 06/10/2020: European Parliament set for tight vote on 'historic' climate law https://www.reuters.com/article/idUSKBN26R1CM
EurActiv, 07/10/2020: EU Parliament votes for 60% carbon emissions cut by 2030 https://www.euractiv.com/section/energy-environment/news/eu-parliament-votes-for-60-carbon-emissions-cut-by-2030/
Bloomberg, 07/10/2020: Carbon Prices Jump After EU Assembly Backs Tougher Climate Goals https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-10-07/eu-parliament-boosts-pressure-on-stricter-2030-climate-target
The Guardian, 08/10/2020: EU parliament votes for 60% greenhouse gas emissions cut by 2030 https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/oct/08/eu-parliament-votes-carbon-greenhouse-gas-emissions-reduction-2030
Reuters, 08/10/2020: European Parliament cements position on climate change before haggling by member states https://www.reuters.com/article/idUKKBN26T0WV
Deutsche Welle, 08/10/2020: European Parliament confirms 2030 climate target to cut emissions https://p.dw.com/p/3jbL3
Euronews, 19/10/2020: Several countries threatening EU's 2050 carbon neutral goal, says MEP https://www.euronews.com/2020/10/19/several-countries-threatening-eu-s-2050-carbon-neutral-goal-says-mep
EurActiv, 23/10/2020: EU environment ministers strike deal on climate law, leave out 2030 target https://www.euractiv.com/section/energy-environment/news/eu-environment-ministers-strike-deal-on-climate-law-leave-out-2030-target/

Official
EUR-Lex: COM(2020)80: Proposal for a Regulation establishing the framework for achieving climate neutrality (European Climate Law) https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/HIS/?uri=COM:2020:80:FIN
European Commission: DG Climate Action: European Climate Law https://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/eu-climate-action/law_en
European Parliament: Legislative Observatory: Procedure File for Proposal on Framework for achieving climate neutrality https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/ficheprocedure.do?reference=2020/0036(COD)&l=en
European Commission: High-level public conference on implementing the European Green Deal - the European Climate Law (28 January 2020) https://ec.europa.eu/info/events/high-level-public-conference-european-climate-law-2020-jan-28_en
European Commission: Press Release, 04/03/2020: Committing to climate-neutrality by 2050: Commission proposes European Climate Law and consults on the European Climate Pact https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_335
European Commission: Questions and answers on the European Climate Law and Climate Pact (4 March 2020) https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/qanda_20_336
European Commission: Press remarks by President von der Leyen on the occasion of the adoption of the European Climate Law (4 March 2020) https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/statement_20_381
European Commission: College read-out on the European Climate Law by Executive Vice-President Frans Timmermans (4 March 2020) https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/read_20_393
European Parliament: Press Release, 04/03/2020: Greta Thunberg to MEPs: 'we will not allow you to surrender our future' https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20200304IPR73905/
S&D Group: Press Release, 10/09/2020: S&Ds: a great first victory today on Climate Law that lets the EU take a step in the direction of carbon neutrality https://www.socialistsanddemocrats.eu/newsroom/sds-great-first-victory-today-climate-law-lets-eu-take-step-direction-carbon-neutrality
European Parliament: Press Release, 11/09/2020: EU climate law: MEPs want to increase emission reductions target to 60% by 2030 https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20200907IPR86512/
Greens/EFA Group: Dossier: All About the EU Climate Law https://www.greens-efa.eu/dossier/all-about-the-eu-climate-law/
German Federal Government: FAQs, 29/09/2020: On the way to a European Climate Law https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-en/news/faq-eu-climate-action-1792128
European Parliament: Press Release, 08/10/2020: EU climate law: MEPs want to increase 2030 emissions reduction target to 60% https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20201002IPR88431/
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 23/10/2020: European climate law: Council reaches agreement on large parts of the proposal https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2020/10/23/european-climate-law-council-reaches-agreement-on-large-parts-of-the-proposal/

https://www.euractiv.com/section/climate-environment/news/eu-leaders-to-decide-tougher-climate-goal-in-december/

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