Proposal for a Regulation on asylum and migration management

Author (Corporate)
Series Details COM (2020) 610
Publication Date 23/09/2020
Content Type


Legislative initiative tabled by the European Commission on 23 September 2020, setting out a Regulation concerning asylum and migration management. It is also known as the draft AMMR. It seeks to amend Council Directive (EC) 2003/109 and the Regulation (EU) 2021/1147.

Further information:

The draft law puts in place a common framework for asylum and migration management across the European Union (EU), as part of a comprehensive approach based on the promotion of mutual trust between Member States. It seeks to replace the existing Dublin Regulation and it relaunches the reform of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). It provides for a new solidarity mechanism that aims at being flexible and responsive in design in order to be adjustable to the different situations presented by the different migratory challenges faced by the Member States, by setting solidarity measures from among which Member States can choose to contribute. It also includes provisions to strengthen the return of irregular migrants.

The solidarity measures also comprise possibilities for Member States to provide assistance to each other in carrying out returns, in the form of return sponsorship. The fresh approach to migration management also includes improving the rules on responsibility for examining an application for international protection. This proposal further establishes a governance framework built on national strategies of the Member States, which will feed into a European Strategy on Asylum and Migration Management.

This proposed Regulation was adopted by the European Commission on 23 September 2020 as part of the New Pact on Migration and AsylumThe plenary of the European Parliament endorsed a negotiating position on 20 April 2023. The Council of the European Union adopted its general approach on 8 June.

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Commentary and Analysis
European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS): Briefing, 20/10/2020: Reforming asylum and migration management
European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE): Policy Note, 02/03/2021: The Regulation on asylum and migration management: giving with one hand, taking back with the other
89 Initiative: Policy Report, 30/06/2021: Regulation on Asylum and Migration Management The Right Formula to end the EU’s Longstanding Controversies?
Stanford Law School: EU Law Working Papers, No 66, 01/08/2022: The Regulation on Asylum and Migration Management in the EU: A Step Toward Solidarity
Statewatch: News, 23/01/2023: Tracking the Pact: Unaccountable new decision-making bodies and "adaptable responsibility"
Statewatch: News, 03/04/2023: Tracking the Pact: Member state comments on the Asylum and Migration Management Regulation and Asylum Procedure Regulation
Statewatch: News, 04/05/2023: Tracking the Pact: Latest Council documents on Asylum and Migration Management Regulation and Eurodac
Oxfam International: Press Release, 06/06/2023: EU countries plan to lock away refugees at Europe’s borders

EurActiv, 10/03/2023: Migration ministers promise to agree asylum bill stance by June
EUObserver, 09/06/2023: Negotiations on asylum reform to start next week, says MEP
The Guardian, 09/06/2023: EU agrees radical reforms on migration and asylum laws

EUR-LEX: SWD(2020)207: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal
European Commission: DG Migration and Home Affairs: Policies: Migration management
European Commission: Priorities 2019-2024: New Pact on Migration and Asylum - A fresh start on migration in Europe
European Parliament: Legislative Observatory: Procedure File for Proposal on Asylum and migration management (2020/0279(COD)
European Parliament: Legislative Train Schedule: Regulation on asylum and migration management
European Parliament: Press Release, 28/03/2023: First green light given to the reform of EU asylum and migration management
Renew Europe EP Group: Newsroom, 28/03/2023: Migration and Asylum Pact: Parliament breakthrough must be quickly followed up by the Council
European Parliament: Press Release, 20/04/2023: Asylum and migration: Parliament confirms key reform mandates
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 08/06/2023: Migration policy: Council reaches agreement on key asylum and migration laws
European Commission: Statement on the political agreement on the New Pact on Migration and Asylum (9 June 2023)
Swedish Government: Article, 09/06/2023: EU Member States agree on key parts of Pact on Migration and Asylum
Irish Government: Press Release, 09/06/2023: Statement by Minister for Justice Helen McEntee on EU General Agreement on Migration and Asylum

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