|Author (Corporate)||Council of the European Union|
|Series Title||Official Journal of the European Union|
|Series Details||L 92, Pages 1-2|
|Content Type||Blog & Commentary, Legislation, News, Policy-making|
Council Decision (EU) 2022/451 - adopted by the Council of the European Union on 3 March 2022 - authorising the launch of negotiations on behalf of the European Union (EU) for the conclusion of an international agreement on pandemic preparedness and response, as well as for negotiations on complementary amendments to the International Health Regulations (IHR 2005).
Multilateral cooperation is deemed essential to fighting pandemics that by definition know no borders and require collective action. However, the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic brought to light vulnerabilities of the international health system and of global cooperation. In light of the challenges posed by that pandemic, the need to be better prepared at global level to predict, prevent, detect, assess and effectively respond to pandemics became clear.
In May 2021, the Council of the European Union adopted the EU's position at the 74th session of the World Health Assembly. This Decision clearly set out support for the establishment of a process in the framework of the World Health Organisation (WHO) for a new Framework Convention on Pandemic Preparedness and Response. It also indicated that the EU should be allowed to participate in the negotiating process, in view of its potential accession to such treaty. Despite the lack of consensus between like-minded partners on a negotiating mandate for an international treaty on pandemics, the Assembly adopted a Decision asking the WHO Member States Working Group to consider the potential benefits of developing an international instrument on pandemic preparedness and response. A new session for the Assembly was also scheduled later in the year.
The Recommendation follows up on the outcome the WHO Working Group report which was presented to the Assembly. It was tabled by the European Commission on 1 December 2021. The Decision was adopted by the Council of the European Union on 3 March 2022, and later published in the Official Journal on 21 March 2022.
|Subject Tags||Multilateral Relations, Public Health|
|International Organisations||European Union [EU], United Nations [UN]|