[Referendum in Catalonia, 1 October 2017]: Catalan leader declares independence but puts it on hold

Author (Person)
Series Title
Series Details 10-11.10.17
Publication Date 10/10/2017
Content Type

For full information in ESO on the Catalan independence referendum, 1 October 2017 click here.

+ The days leading up to the referendum
+ The result and immediate aftermath of the referendum
+ The reaction in the EU Institutions to the referendum
+ Commentary features concerning the referendum
+ Declaration of independence, 10 October 2017
+ The economic impact for Spain and Catalonia

An independence referendum was held by the Catalan government in the Spanish region / country of Catalonia on the 1 October 2017. The holding of the referendum was opposed by the Spanish government and had been declared illegal by the Spanish Constitutional Court.

Catalan officials claimed that results of the referendum had shown 90% of the 2.3 million Catalans who voted were in favour of independence. Catalonia had 5.3 million registered voters. Turnout was 43%. The main groups opposing independence had recommended to their supporters not to take part in the referendum.

In the evening of the 1 October 2017 Catalan regional President Carles Puigdemont declared that Catalonia had 'earned the right to be an independent state'.Catalan News and other news sources reported on the 10 October 2017 that pro-independence parties in the Catalan parliament and the Catalan government had that day signed a declaration of independence. The document constituted 'the Catalan republic as an independent state', but did not include a clear date on when this would be official.

Speaking in the Catalan parliament, the Catalan president, Carles Puigdemont, leader of the Junts pel Si (Together for Yes), said Catalans had won the right to be independent but suspended the formal declaration of statehood to seek dialogue with the Spanish government and, hopefully, the EU.

Inés Arrimadas, leader of the opposition party Ciutadans (Citizens) in Catalonia said 'This has been the chronicle of a foretold coup, of a coup to democracy, to common sense. And above all, a coup against a common project called Spain and EU'.

The Catalan branch of the Spanish ruling party, the People's Party (PP), Xavier García Albiol, criticised the speech and said that the Spanish government in Madrid under Mariano Rajoy would never allow a secession.

The Spanish government called a special cabinet meeting for the 11 October 2017 to discuss the situation. Prime Minister Rajoy briefed the Spanish Parliament later in the day.

He said he had requested he has requested the Catalan government to clear up whether independence had been declared, in which case he would activate a constitutional provision giving the central government power under Article 155 of the Spanish Constitution to temporarily take over Catalonia’s internal affairs. An answer must be received from the Catalan government by the 16 October 2017 (later extended to the 19 October 2017).

Catalan president Carles Puigdemont proposed on the 11 October 2017 that two representatives from both the Catalan and Spanish governments agree upon a mediator for the ongoing political crisis.

In a letter delivered to the Spanish government on the 16 October 2016 Carles Puigdemont again called for dialogue but did not explictly answer the question posed by Madrid on the 11 October 2017.

Following a preliminary suspension on the 7 September 2017, the Constitutional Court of Spain formally decided on the 17 October 2017 that the referendum law adopted by the Catalan parliament on the 6 September 2017 was unconstitutional, and devoid of any binding legal force.

Source Link http://www.politico.eu/article/catalan-leader-declares-independence-but-puts-it-on-hold/
Related Links
Deutsche Welle, 07.10.17: Spain's Article 155: the constitution's 'nuclear option' http://p.dw.com/p/2lRxi
El País, 11.10.17: Catalan government seeks to buy time with mediation https://elpais.com/elpais/2017/10/11/inenglish/1507706687_901327.html
Catalan News, 11.10.17: Catalan and Spanish governments should agree on mediator, Puigdemont proposes http://www.catalannews.com/politics/item/catalan-and-spanish-governments-should-agree-on-mediator-puigdemont-proposes
EurActiv, 12.10.17: Spain threatens to suspend Catalonia’s autonomy in crisis http://www.euractiv.com/section/elections/news/spain-threatens-to-suspend-catalonias-autonomy-in-crisis/
Politico, 11.10.17: High noon in Catalonia http://www.politico.eu/article/high-noon-in-catalonia/
El País, 13.10.17: Puigdemont’s far-left partner tells him to proclaim a Catalan republic https://elpais.com/elpais/2017/10/13/inenglish/1507878997_826616.html
Spain: Government: News, 11.10.17: It is time to bring this rupture to an end with serenity, prudence and with the goal of recovering our co-existence, says Mariano Rajoy http://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/lang/en/presidente/news/Paginas/2017/20171011_rajoy_referendum.aspx
Spain: Government: News, 11.10.17: Government formally demands that Regional Government of Catalonia 'confirms if it has declared independence in Catalonia' http://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/lang/en/presidente/news/Paginas/2017/20171011_rajoy_catalonia.aspx
Catalan News, 13.10.17: Spain urges president to resist calls to declare Catalan republic http://www.catalannews.com/politics/item/spain-urges-president-to-resist-calls-to-declare-catalan-republic
El País, 11.10.17: Spanish PM calls for clarification on Catalan declaration of independence https://elpais.com/elpais/2017/10/11/inenglish/1507706277_293596.html
Blog: LSE EuroppBlog, 11.10.17: What Catalonia’s suspended declaration of independence means for Catalonia and Spain http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/europpblog/2017/10/11/what-catalonias-suspended-declaration-of-independence-means-for-catalonia-and-spain/
Spain: Government: News, 18.10.17: Mariano Rajoy asks Carles Puigdemont 'to put general interests of all citizens first' http://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/lang/en/presidente/news/Paginas/2017/20171018_rajoy_puigdemont.aspx
EUObserver, 16.10.17: Catalan leader ignores Madrid on independence question https://euobserver.com/beyond-brussels/139461
El País, 16.10.17: Puigdemont letter fails to provide clear answer on independence declaration (includes text of letter) https://elpais.com/elpais/2017/10/16/inenglish/1508138246_000760.html
Catalan News, 16.10.17: Decisive hours before Puigdemont’s big decision http://www.catalannews.com/politics/item/decisive-hours-before-puigdemont-s-big-decision
Euro|Topics: Debates, October 2017: Catalonian separatists ignore ultimatum http://www.eurotopics.net/en/187566/catalonian-separatists-ignore-ultimatum
ESO: Key Source: Catalan independence referendum, 2017 http://www.europeansources.info/record/catalan-independence-referendum-2017/
Catalan News, 10.10.17: Pro-independence parties sign declaration of independence http://www.catalannews.com/politics/item/pro-independence-parties-sign-declaration-of-independence
Catalan News, 10.10.17: Catalan parties react to Puigdemont's speech http://www.catalannews.com/politics/item/catalan-parties-react-to-puigdemont-s-speech
El País, 10.10.17: Puigdemont declares independence for Catalonia but suspends it in search of dialogue https://elpais.com/elpais/2017/10/10/inenglish/1507620922_401849.html
EurActiv, 11.10.17: Catalan leaders sign independence declaration but put it on hold http://www.euractiv.com/section/elections/news/catalan-leaders-sign-independence-declaration-but-put-it-on-hold/
EUObserver, 11.10.17: Catalan leader postpones independence https://euobserver.com/beyond-brussels/139380
The Guardian, 10.10.17: [Analysis]: Puigdemont speech gives no clarity on Catalan independence https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/oct/10/puigdemonts-speech-provides-no-clarity-on-catalan-independence
Spain: Government: News, 10.10.17: Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría announces that President of the Government has called extraordinary Council of Ministers on Wednesday morning at 9am http://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/lang/en/gobierno/news/Paginas/2017/20171010_vicepresident.aspx
Deutsche Welle, 11.10.17: [Opinion]: Put the brakes on Catalan independence http://p.dw.com/p/2lc3H
Euro|Topics: Debates, October 2017: What is the Catalonian separatists' strategy? http://www.eurotopics.net/en/187496/what-is-the-catalonian-separatists-strategy
Catalan News, 11.10.17: Rajoy opens the door to suspending Catalonia’s self-rule http://www.catalannews.com/politics/item/rajoy-opens-the-door-to-suspending-catalonia-s-self-rule
BBC News, 10.10.17: Catalonia crisis: What are the options for Spain now? http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-41551466
El País, 17.10.17: Spain’s Constitutional Court strikes down Catalan referendum law https://elpais.com/elpais/2017/10/17/inenglish/1508250970_489373.html

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