Regulation (EU) 2018/848 on organic production and labelling of organic products and repealing Regulation (EC) No 834/2007

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Publication Date 14/06/2018
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Regulation (EU) 2018/848 - adopted by the European Union in May 2018 - which establishes the principles of organic production and lays down the rules concerning organic production, related certification and the use of indications referring to organic production in labelling and advertising, as well as rules on controls additional to those laid down in Regulation (EU) 2017/625.

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This Regulation broadens the scope of Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 on the production and labelling of organic products, to cover products closely linked to agriculture and farming. It reviews the livestock organic production rules taking into account the experience gained and introduces production requirements for new species. It repeals the existing Regulation as of 31 December 2020, and starts applying from 1 January 2021.

The proposal for this Regulation was adopted by the European Commission on 24 March 2014, aimed at overcoming regulatory obstacles to the development of the sector and increasing consumer confidence in the EU organic logo. A Communication setting out an action plan to support growth in the sector was also published. The Council of the European Union adopted its general approach on the draft law on 16 June 2015. The European Parliament's relevant committee adopted its negotiating position on 13 October. An informal agreement between the co-legislators on a compromise text was reached on on 28 June 2017. This was formally endorsed by the Parliament on 18 April 2018 and by the Council on 22 May.

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Commentary and Analysis
National Assembly for Wales Research Service: EU Policy Update, June 2014: Organic Production and Labelling of Organic Products
National Assembly for Wales Research Service: Blog, 03/06/2014: EU proposals for the regulation of the organic farming industry
EPRS: Briefing, July 2014: Initial Appraisal of the Commission's Impact Assessment
National Assembly for Wales Research Service: Blog, 05/12/2014: The European regulation on organic production and labelling: serious concerns expressed by Welsh stakeholders
National Assembly for Wales Research Service: Blog, 12/06/2015: EU organic farming proposals: does the European Parliament’s Draft Report address Welsh concerns?
Politico, 06/06/2017: The German Green who fights to keep pesticides in your organic food
EurActiv, 16/11/2017: Organic farming in the EU needs passion, clear rules and controls
EurActiv, 22/12/2017: New organic rules and animal welfare: Meeting social expectations or not?
EPRS: Briefing, March 2018: Organic farming legislation - Revision of EU Regulation on organic production and labelling of organic products
EPRS: At a Glance, April 2018: Organic production and labelling of organic products

EurActiv, 07/08/2013: Commission looks at possible revamp of organic farming legislation
Deutsche Welle, 25/03/2014: EU to impose stricter rules on organic products
EurActiv, 02/04/2014: EU reforms organic farming
EurActiv, 12/12/2014: Organic sector disappointed by Commission proposal
EurActiv, 13/01/2015: New EU regulation could curb organic farming
EurActiv, 17/07/2015: Amid growing demand, German organic farming suffers first decline
EurActiv, 07/10/2015: Commission’s proposal for stricter thresholds in organic farming opposed
EurActiv, 21/10/2015: Commission: Organic farming ‘not enough’ to address food security
EurActiv, 11/02/2016: GMOs and pesticides could be tolerated in organic food under new EU rules
EUObserver, 08/05/2017: Deadlock on organic farming rules 'breaking records'
EUObserver, 30/05/2017: Malta unable to solve EU organic conundrum
EurActiv, 07/06/2017: German MEP: Deadlock on organic farming reform ‘odd’
EurActiv, 20/11/2017: Member states approve new organic rules ahead of Parliament vote, 20/11/2017: New rules will allow farms produce both conventional and organic food

European Parliament: Legislative Observatory: Procedure File for Proposal on organic production and labelling of organic products
EUR-Lex: COM(2014)180: Proposal for a Regulation on organic production and labelling of organic products
EUR-Lex: SWD(2014)65: Impact assessment
EUR-Lex: SWD(2014)66: Executive summary of the impact assessment
EP: Legislative Train: Organic production and Labelling of organic products
European Commission: Press Release, 25/03/2014: Organics: Commission proposal for more and better
European Commission: MEMO, 25/03/2014: FAQ: Commission proposals for new rules for organic farming
European Parliament: Press Release, 13/10/2015: Organic food: boosting EU production and enhancing consumer trust
European Parliament: Press Release, 28/06/2017: Organic food: new rules for EU label agreed
European Commission: Commission welcomes agreement on new rules for organic production, 28 June 2017
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 28/06/2017: Green light to new European rules on organic farming
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 20/11/2017: Organic farming: new European rules confirmed
European Commission: Fact Sheet, 20/11/2017: The new organic Regulation
European Commission: New rules for organic farming: Statement by Commissioner Phil Hogan, 20 November 2017
European Parliament: Press Release, 19/04/2018: Organic food: MEPs tighten EU rules to match consumer expectations

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