Regulation (EU) 2019/1148 on the marketing and use of explosives precursors

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Series Details L 186
Publication Date 11/07/2019
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Summary:

Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2019 on the marketing and use of explosives precursors, amending Annex XVII to Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 and repealing Regulation (EU) No 98/2013.

Further information:

Explosives precursors are chemical substances that can be used for legitimate purposes but also misused to manufacture explosives. With a view to prevent the illicit manufacture of explosives, Regulation (EU) No 98/2013 restricts the making available, introduction, possession and use of selected explosives precursors to the general public and sets up rules on the reporting of suspicious transactions.

While the amount of explosives precursors available on the market for public consumption has decreased since the Regulation was adopted, they continue to be used for the illicit manufacture of explosives and have been used in the vast majority of terrorist attacks in the European Union (EU) since then.

The existing restrictions and controls have proved to be insufficient to prevent the illicit manufacture of homemade explosives. Furthermore, the Regulation lacks provisions that facilitate compliance and enforcement. As a part of the REFIT Programme, the revision of the Regulation aims to address problems by strengthening and clarifying it.

The proposal was adopted by the European Commission on 17 April 2018. Member States' ambassadors adopted a general approach on 12 December, while the European Parliament's relevant committee adopted a mandate for trilogue negotiations on 10 January 2019. Following two rounds of negotiations, an informal agreement between co-legislators was reached on 4 February. The Parliament's plenary session formally endorsed the compromise text on 16 April.

Source Link https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.L_.2019.186.01.0001.01.ENG
Related Link(s)
Commentary and Analysis
Chatham House: Expert Comment, 22/09/2017: Tighter controls on explosive materials is vital factor in response to terrorism https://www.chathamhouse.org/expert/comment/tighter-controls-explosive-materials-vital-factor-response-terrorism
EPRS: Briefing, July 2018: Revision of the Explosives Precursors Regulation [Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment] http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_BRI(2018)621839
EPRS: Briefing, March 2019: Explosives precursors: Fighting the misuse of chemicals by terrorists [EU Legislation in Progress] http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_BRI(2019)635571

News
Politico, 13/02/2019: EU tightens rules to prevent bomb-making as radicals return home https://www.politico.eu/article/eu-tightens-bomb-making-rules-as-radicals-return-home/

Official
EUR-Lex: COM(2018)209: Proposal for a Regulation on the marketing and use of explosives precursors https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/HIS/?uri=COM:2018:209:FIN
EUR-Lex: SWD(2018)104: Impact assessment https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=SWD:2018:104:FIN
EUR-Lex: SWD(2018)105: Executive summary of the impact assessment https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=SWD:2018:105:FIN
European Parliament: Legislative Observatory: Procedure File for Proposal on marketing and use of explosives precursors https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/ficheprocedure.do?reference=2018/0103(COD)
European Parliament: Legislative Train: Revision of the regulation on marketing and use of explosive precursors http://www.europarl.europa.eu/legislative-train/theme-area-of-justice-and-fundamental-rights/file-marketing-and-use-of-explosive-precursors
European Commission: Consultations: Revision of the EU Regulation on explosives precursors https://ec.europa.eu/info/consultations/revision-eu-regulation-explosives-precursors
European Commission: Press Release, 17/04/2018: Security Union: Commission presents new measures to deny terrorists and criminals the means and space to act http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-18-3301_en.htm
EFTA: News, 10/08/2018: EEA EFTA Comment on explosives precursors https://www.efta.int/EEA/news/EEA-EFTA-Comment-explosives-precursors-509911
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 12/12/2018: Explosive precursors: EU tightens controls https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2018/12/12/explosive-precursors-eu-tightens-controls/
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 14/02/2019: EU to reinforce rules on marketing and use of explosive precursors https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2019/02/14/eu-to-reinforce-controls-on-access-to-explosive-precursors/
European Parliament: Press Release, 16/04/2019: Tackling terrorism: MEPs approve tighter rules on homemade explosives http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20190410IPR37555/
European Commission: Press Release, 16/04/2019: Security Union: Commission welcomes adoption of new measures denying terrorists and criminals the means and space to act http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-19-2158_en.htm

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