Report on progress in Romania under the cooperation and verification mechanism

Author (Corporate)
Series Details COM (2017) 751
Publication Date 15/11/2017
Content Type


On 15 November 2011 the European Commission presented a report on steps taken by Romania to meet its commitments on judicial reform and the fight against corruption, in the context of the Cooperation and Verification Mechanism (CVM).

Further information:

This report presents the progress made in following up the recommendations set out in the January 2017 CVM report. It is the result of an assessment which included close cooperation between the Commission and Romanian institutions, as well as the input of civil society and other stakeholders, including other Member States.

The Commission remains of the opinion that with loyal cooperation between State institutions, a resolute political steer holding firm to progress already achieved and respect for judicial independence, Romania should be able to fulfil the remaining outstanding CVM recommendations in the near future.

+ Romania’s judicial reform plans and related protests

Backgroud information:

The Cooperation and Verification Mechanism (CVM) was set up on the accession of Romania to the European Union in 2007 to address shortcomings in judicial reform and the fight against corruption and organised crime. Since then, CVM reports have sought to help focus the efforts of the Romanian authorities through specific recommendations and have charted the progress made. As underlined by the Council of the European Union, the CVM ends when all four benchmarks applying to Romania are satisfactorily met.

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Commentary and Analysis
LSE: Europp Blog, 27/11/2017: Is Romania at risk of backsliding over corruption and the rule of law?

EurActiv, 15/11/2017: Bulgaria, Romania have made progress but still more needed – EU report
Reuters, 15/11/2017: EU concerned over challenges to Romanian judicial independence

EUR-Lex: SWD(2017)701, 15/11/2017: Romania: Technical report
European Commission: Assistance to Bulgaria and Romania under the CVM: The reports on progress in Bulgaria and Romania
European Commission: Memo, 15/11/2017: Cooperation and Verification Mechanism Reports on Bulgaria and Romania [Q&A]
European Commission: Press Release, 15/11/2017: Commission reports on progress in Romania under the Co-operation and Verification Mechanism

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