|Author (Corporate)||Cardiff EDC|
|Content Type||Blog & Commentary, News, Overview|
Information Guide concerning the decision from Russia to carry out a military aggression against Ukraine.
The operation was launched in the early hours on 24 February 2022 and comprised an invasion in three fronts, from the north, east and south. The military operation was the culmination of months of tension between the two countries and a progressive build-up of Russian military presence along the borders with Ukraine.
The aggression was strongly condemned by countries across the globe, and particularly by Western countries and NATO allies. Sanctions and other restrictive measures were swiftly announced by the European Union (EU) and other countries, including the United States of America (USA) and the United Kingdom (UK). Even so, all measures were deemed insufficient by the Ukrainian authorities as the country tried to fence off the progression of Russian military forces.
The Council of Europe decided on 25 February to adopt so-called Article 8 measures and suspended Russia from its rights of representation in the Committee of Ministers and the Parliamentary Assembly. On 10 March, Russia announced the intention to leave this organisation, which was made effective on 15 March. The formal notification reached CoE Secretary-General alongside a declaration of Russian intention to denounce the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR).
On 28 February, the Council of the European Union adopted Decisions aimed at funding military equipment designed to deliver lethal forces, as well non-lethal equipment. The Ukrainian authorities formally signed an application for EU membership. At the same time, massive flows of people fleeing the destruction caused by Russia's invasion reached the borders of neighbouring countries. On 4 March, the Council of the European Union established the existence of a mass influx of persons coming from Ukraine into the EU, which allowed it to formally provide temporary protection.
By 15 March 2022, the EU had already adopted four packages of restrictive measures related to Russia's invasion of Ukraine. A fifth round of sanctions was announced on 5 April 2022. In the meantime, the European Union published guidance and recommendations aimed at facilitating the reception and integration of those fleeing the war in EU territory.
This page will be continuously updated with further information resources. For the full list of resources available in ESO on this topic, please visit the dedicated Subject Keyword.
|Subject Categories||Politics and International Relations, Security and Defence|
|Subject Tags||Wars | Conflicts|
|Keywords||War in Ukraine (2022)
|Countries / Regions||Russia, Ukraine|