Russia’s Nuclear Weapons: Doctrine, Forces, and Modernization

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Series Details R45861
Publication Date 2019-2022
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Russia’s nuclear forces consist of both long-range, strategic systems—including intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs), and heavy bombers—and shorter- and medium-range delivery systems. Russia is modernizing its nuclear forces, replacing Soviet-era systems with new missiles, submarines and aircraft while developing new types of delivery systems.

Although Russia’s number of nuclear weapons has declined sharply since the end of Cold War, it retains a stockpile of thousands of warheads, with more than 1,500 warheads deployed on missiles and bombers capable of reaching U.S. territory.

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This Report was first published in 2019 and subsequently updated. The latest update was published in April 2022. All updates can be checked on the Primary Source link provided below.

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