This ground-breaking volume provides a new perspective on the EU’s ‘actorness’ and ‘power’ and undertakes comparative foreign policy analysis. In doing so, it asserts that only a solid comparative research design will reveal the specific features of EU ‘actorness and power’ and its possible evolution across issues. This guiding principle and application of a ‘grounded theory’ or ‘heuristic case study’ approach - combining evaluative with causal analysis in terms of a comparative design - is applied to the case study research in order to provide a truly a structured comparative analysis of EU foreign policy. It thus also allows for a comparison of findings across policy fields, especially CFSP matters with foreign economic policy, both related to fundamentally different legal foundations and respective policy modes of governance.
It focusses on two intertwined research questions, which provide for a more sustainable base for qualifying the EU’s foreign policy in comparison to states or international organizations:
+ What is the EU’s foreign policy quality in terms of ‘actorness’ and ‘power’ compared to other types of actors in international relations and global politics, first and foremost states and intergovernmental organization?
+ What factors influence the EU’s foreign policy performance in comparison to states and international organizations?
The European Union’s Foreign Policy in Comparative Perspective will be of key interest to European Union studies, European Union Foreign Policy studies, International Relations, and Security Policy studies.
1. Introduction The European Union’s Foreign Policy ‘Actorness and Power’: Foundations of and Challenges for a Comparative Research Design - Ingo Peters, Freie Universität Berlin
PART 1: Foreign Economic Policy
2. IMF Reform Negotiations in the G20: Comparing Actorness and Power in the Foreign Policy of the EU, the U.S. and ASEAN - Steffen Murau, LM Universität München, and Kilian Spandler, Universität Tübingen
3. Projecting the Regulatory State beyond the EU: The Commission and the Quest for Energy Security - Nick Sitter, Norwegian Business School (Oslo) & Central European University, (Budapest)
4. Energy and Environment/ EU, India - Kirsten Jörgensen, FU Berlin – FFU, and Christian Wagner, SWP Berlin
5.The EU as a Pioneer and Global Leader in Chemicals Regulation - Katja Biedenkopf, Universiteit van Amsterdam
PART 2: Democracy Promotion
6. The EU’s Performance As A Regional Security Actor: A Comparative Study of EU’s And NATO’s Responses to the Arab spring - Pernille Rieker, NUPI, OSLO
7. The EU’s Conditionality Policy. Deconstructing the literatur on the EU’s implementation of the human rights and democracy clause - Johanne Døhlie Saltnes, ARENA, Oslo
8. External Forces and Consolidating Democracy. EU Democratization Efforts in North Africa - Assem Dandashly, FU, KFG/ Maastricht University
PART 3: Peacekeeping, Peace- and State-building
9. Berlin, the EU and the Balkan Wars - Adrian Hyde-Price, University of Bath, UK
10. The EU’s engagement in state-building in Afghanistan - Dinoj Kumar Upadhyay, Indian Council of World Affairs (ICWA), New Delhi, India
11. Challenges to the Coherence of EU Security Sector Reform - Ursula Schröder, FU Berlin – ATASP
12. Transformative Power or Political Dwarf? The Problem of Leadership in and of European Foreign and Security Policy - Lisbeth Aggestam, University of Bath, UK
PART 4: Missions & Operations
13. EU, NATO, and the USA: comparing security policies in Sub-Saharan Africa - Ronja Kempin & Stefan Steinicke, Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik Berlin
14. EU’s anti-piracy operation in the Bay of Aden (EU NAVFOR ATALANTA)- Bjørn Olav Knutsen and Eirik Dønjar, Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI), Oslo
15. EU Mission & opertions in the Republic of Congo compared to US and UN policies - Madina Diallo & Ingo Peters, Freie Universität Berlin
16. Conclusions: Actorness and Power of the European Union in comparative perspective - Ingo Peters, Freie Universität Berlin