The first and last mile – the key to sustainable urban transport

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Series Details Number 18/2019
Publication Date 03/02/2020
ISBN 978-92-9480-205-7
ISSN 1977-8449
EC TH-AL-20-001-EN-N
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This report provides a comprehensive overview of all main F/L/O [first/last/only] mile options for passenger and freight transport. It describes their urban mobility and policy contexts and presents the current state of scientific knowledge on their environment and health effects. It also describes the limits of F/L/O mile options and the framework in which they can be most effective. The objective is to help policy makers, planners and transport users make well-informed choices.

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