The implementation of Article 31 of the Treaty on European Union and the use of Qualified Majority Voting

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Series Details PE 739.139
Publication Date November 2022
ISBN 978-92-846-9936-0
EC QA-03-22-159-EN-N
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This study analyses the possibilities and challenges regarding unanimity and qualified majority voting as well as the use of passerelle clauses in EU decision-making, with a special focus on the use of qualified majority voting in the European Union’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP).

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This study has been commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee.

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