The Implications of Brexit for Agriculture, Rural Areas and Land Use in Wales

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Publication Date January 2018
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The Wales Centre for Public Policy was created in 2017 as a new independent research centre jointly established by the Welsh Government and the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

The Centre builds on the success of the Public Policy Institute for Wales (PPIW) and continues the Institute’s work of supporting Welsh Government Ministers to identify their evidence needs and providing them with access to independent authoritative experts from across Wales, the UK and beyond.This report highlighted the challenges and opportunities for agriculture and rural areas in Wales that could result from Brexit.

The report’s author, Professor Janet Dwyer, argued that the most likely changes in trading conditions would leave Welsh agriculture in a disadvantaged position compared to its main trading competitors. How key food and forestry processors and retailers respond would be crucial.

Sheep and beef farmers could be in a particularly disadvantaged position after Brexit. A decline in the economic viability of sheep production was likely. Dairy, horticultural, mixed and other farm types might be best placed to benefit from changes after Brexit.

There would be reduced levels of UK public funding for agriculture once the UK left the European Union, and following a likely 3-year transition period; i.e. after 2022. North and West Wales were likely to face stronger negative impacts than South and East Wales.

There might be environmental consequences of Brexit. Supporting farmers to manage land or to move it into other sectors would be important, as well as ensuring adequate funding for natural resource management in Wales.

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Related Links
WPCC: Blog, 16.01.18: The Implications of Brexit for Agriculture, Rural Areas and Land Use in Wales
Blog: Welsh Brexit, 20.11.17: Building a post-Brexit food and rural policy for Wales
ESO: Find more information on Wales and the EU Referendum, 23 June 2016
The Guardian, 03.05.17: Brexit could wipe out Welsh farming, says union (et al)
Wales: National Assembly for Wales: Senedd Research: In Brief, 26.06.18: The Dairy Sector
UK: Parliament: House of Commons: Committees: Welsh Affairs Committee: News, 01.05.18: Minister discusses agriculture post-Brexit

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