The power of control: How the EU can shape the new era of strategic export restrictions

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Series Details ECFR/495, Number 495
Publication Date May 2023
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  • Technology is increasingly a battleground in the strategic competition between the United States (US) and China.
  • Western technology contributes to China’s military modernisation as well as the development of Russian weapon systems.
  • The US is restricting trade in key technologies with China and pushing EU member states to follow its lead.
  • To better defend its interests, the European Union needs to develop clearer policies on China and security, including pursuing the ‘de-risking’ of its relations with Beijing.
  • The EU must develop a new strategic technology doctrine and upgrade its export control policy.
  • This more coherent stance will enable the EU both to act where necessary but also to defend itself and its member states from future pressure from China – and the US.
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