Transatlantic Relations after Afghanistan and AUKUS

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Series Details Volume 140
Publication Date October/November 2021
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Relations between the European Union and the United States came under strain in 2021 due to the fall of Afghanistan to the Taliban, and disputes over the AUKUS deal and the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline between Russia and Germany.  These rows showed that scratchy transatlantic relations and strains among European countries could make it harder for President Biden to achieve his foreign policy objectives elsewhere. In order to concentrate US defence resources against China’s growing military power, he needed to be confident that Europe would remain secure and stable, even if the US reduced its presence. That meant encouraging Europeans to invest more in their own defence, take more responsibility for defending their own territory and for stabilising Europe’s neighbourhood, and (since 21 countries were members of both organisations) focus on increasing EU-NATO co-operation rather than arguing over which organisation should be in charge of Europe’s security.

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ESO Records
CER Insight: June 2021: President Biden Went to Europe, and All We Got Was ...?
CER Bulletin: No. 136, February/March 2021: Transatlantic Relations for the Biden Era and Beyond

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