|Author (Corporate)||Cardiff EDC|
The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) includes a comprehensive set of prohibitions on participating in any nuclear weapon activities. It was adopted by the TPNW Conference on 7 July 2017 and entered into force on 22 January 2021. It is also known as the Ban Treaty.
The General Assembly of the United Nations (UN) decided by Resolution 71/258 to convene in 2017 a Conference to negotiate a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination. This Conference took place in March, June and July 2017.
The TPNW in includes undertakings not to develop, test, produce, acquire, possess, stockpile, use or threaten to use nuclear weapons. The Treaty also prohibits the deployment of nuclear weapons on national territory and the provision of assistance to any State in the conduct of prohibited activities. States parties are obliged to prevent and suppress any activity prohibited under the TPNW undertaken by persons or on territory under its jurisdiction or control. The Treaty also obliges States parties to provide adequate assistance to individuals affected by the use or testing of nuclear weapons, as well as to take necessary and appropriate measure of environmental remediation in areas under its jurisdiction or control contaminated as a result of activities related to the testing or use of nuclear weapons.
This Treaty was adopted by the Conference on 7 July 2017, and opened for signature on 20 September. Following the deposit of the 50th instrument of ratification or accession of the Treaty on 24 October 2020, the TPNW entered into force on 22 January 2021.
|Subject Categories||Law, Security and Defence|
|Subject Tags||International Law, Nuclear Security, Nuclear Weapons|
|International Organisations||United Nations [UN]|