Turkish general election, 24 June 2018

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Publication Date 19/04/2018
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Summary:

Presidential and Parliamentary elections were held in Turkey on 24 June 2018. Originally due in November 2019, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan announced in April 2018 that the vote was being brought forward.

Incumbent President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan won the election without the need of a second round, collecting just under 53% of the voted. Muharrem İnce came second with just over 30% of the votes. While Mr Erdogan's AK Party lost the absolute majority in the Parliament, its coalition still managed to keep a parliamentary majority.

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The snap elections marked the transition to a reinforced presidential system, as voted in the constitutional referendum held in April 2017. The election took place during the state of emergency, which remained in place since an attempted coup in July 2016.

While some argued the decision to call for early elections was in the interest of the country considering the regional instability, other observers noted that moving the date forward left little time for opposition parties to prepare accordingly. Analysts also speculated that the precise date sought to exclude a new opposition party from taking part, as the electoral rules require a founding congress to be held at least 6 months before an election.

Electoral observers highlighted the unequal conditions for campaigning and the unfair media environment. That was also mentioned by the European Union. Several international stakeholders hoped to work with Turkey to strengthen democracy and rule of law following this election.

+ Recep Tayyip Erdoğan campaigns in Bosnian capital Sarajevo, May 2018

Related Link(s)
[Analysis] ECFR: Commentary, 19.04.18: 4 factors that led to Turkey’s snap elections http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_4_factors_that_led_to_turkeys_snap_elections
EurActiv, 19.04.18: Erdogan calls early elections under state of emergency, new purges underway https://www.euractiv.com/section/global-europe/news/erdogan-calls-early-elections-under-state-of-emergency-new-purges-underway/
Politico, 18.04.18: Erdoğan springs an election surprise https://www.politico.eu/article/turkey-2018-election-recep-tayyip-erdogan-surprise/
Carnegie Europe: Strategic Europe, 21.06.18: What Turkey’s Elections Mean https://carnegieeurope.eu/strategiceurope/76653
Al Jazeera: Tag: Turkey Elections 2018 https://www.aljazeera.com/topics/events/turkey-elections-2018.html
Hürriyet Daily News: Tag: Turkey Elections 2018 http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/search/turkey%20elections%202018
EurActiv, 26.06.18: Chilly Western reactions to Erdogan’s win https://www.euractiv.com/section/global-europe/news/chilly-western-reactions-to-erdogans-win/
Euro|topics, June 2018: Turkey: The democratic path to autocracy? https://www.eurotopics.net/en/201748/what-does-erdogan-s-victory-mean-for-turkey
Euro|topics, June 2018: Why is Erdoğan so popular with the Turkish diaspora? https://www.eurotopics.net/en/201823/why-is-erdogan-so-popular-with-the-turkish-diaspora
Euro|topics, May 2018: Monetary crisis overshadows Turkish election campaign https://www.eurotopics.net/en/199917/monetary-crisis-overshadows-turkish-election-campaign
BBC News: Tag: Turkey Election 2018 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/topics/c6gzmx3zld1t/turkey-election-2018
Politico, 25.06.18: 5 takeaways from Erdoğan’s Turkish triumph https://www.politico.eu/article/5-takeaways-recep-tayyip-erdogan-turkey-election-triumph/
[Opinion] Politico, 22.06.18: In Turkey, politics is a dangerous thing https://www.politico.eu/article/turkey-erdogan-elections-politics/
Politico, 22.06.18: What’s at stake for Erdoğan in Turkey’s election https://www.politico.eu/article/recep-tayyip-erdogan-faces-tight-race-turkey-high-stakes-election/
[Video] Deutsche Welle, 14.06.18: The 'Erdogan generation' goes to the polls https://p.dw.com/p/2zN1p
Deutsche Welle, 25.06.18: Turkey's Erdogan claims victory in presidential and parliamentary elections https://p.dw.com/p/30CCR
TRT World: Tag: Turkey Elections 2018 https://www.trtworld.com/elections/
Deutsche Welle, 25.06.18: Turks in Germany praise 'our leader' after two-thirds vote for Erdogan https://p.dw.com/p/30Coo
[Opinion] The Guardian, 22.06.18: Bully-boy Erdoğan is a threat to Turkey – and the world https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/jun/22/erdogan-turkey-elections-middle-east-syria
The Guardian, 25.06.18: Erdoğan strikes combative tone in victory speech https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jun/24/erdogan-claims-victory-in-turkish-presidential-election
OSCE: ODIHR: Early Presidential and Parliamentary Elections, 24 June 2018 https://www.osce.org/odihr/elections/turkey/381448
IFES: Election Guide: Turkey http://www.electionguide.org/countries/id/218/
Carnegie Europe: Article, 26.06.18: Erdoğan the Magnificent http://carnegieeurope.eu/2018/06/26/erdo-the-magnificent-pub-76687
[Blog] Verfassungsblog: 23.06.18: The Tide is Turning: Elections in Turkey https://verfassungsblog.de/the-tide-is-turning-elections-in-turkey/
SETA: Report, 2018: Turkey’s Elections 2018 http://www.setav.org/en/report-turkeys-elections-2018/
Carnegie Europe: Article, 05.06.18: Three Scenarios for Turkey’s Elections http://carnegieeurope.eu/2018/06/05/three-scenarios-for-turkey-s-elections-pub-76507
Wikipedia: Turkish general election, 2018 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_general_election,_2018
Carnegie Europe: Strategic Europe, 08.05.18: Turkey’s Perfect Path to Autocracy https://carnegieeurope.eu/strategiceurope/76278

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