|Author (Person)||Negrier-Pascaud, Mathilde, Rocha, Frederico|
|Content Type||Key Source, Overview|
Presidential and Parliamentary elections were held in Turkey on 24 June 2018. Originally due in November 2019, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan announced in April 2018 that the vote was being brought forward.
Incumbent President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan won the election without the need of a second round, collecting just under 53% of the voted. Muharrem İnce came second with just over 30% of the votes. While Mr Erdogan's AK Party lost the absolute majority in the Parliament, its coalition still managed to keep a parliamentary majority.
The snap elections marked the transition to a reinforced presidential system, as voted in the constitutional referendum held in April 2017. The election took place during the state of emergency, which remained in place since an attempted coup in July 2016.
While some argued the decision to call for early elections was in the interest of the country considering the regional instability, other observers noted that moving the date forward left little time for opposition parties to prepare accordingly. Analysts also speculated that the precise date sought to exclude a new opposition party from taking part, as the electoral rules require a founding congress to be held at least 6 months before an election.
Electoral observers highlighted the unequal conditions for campaigning and the unfair media environment. That was also mentioned by the European Union. Several international stakeholders hoped to work with Turkey to strengthen democracy and rule of law following this election.
|Countries / Regions||Turkey|