Twenty years of the euro – Resilience in the face of unexpected challenges

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Publication Date January 2019
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The first 20 years of the euro were very different from what had been anticipated. Deflation, rather than inflation became a problem. Financial markets, which had been neglected, became a major source of instability. However, the euro area proved resilient and support for the euro is at historic highs. Looking to the future, the greatest danger might not be another financial crisis, but sluggish growth and an increasing gulf between countries that have successfully adjusted their public finances and those where this goal remains increasingly distant. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

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