US confirms withdrawal from nuclear arms treaty with Russia

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Publication Date 06/12/2018
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The US national security adviser, John Bolton, confirmed that the US would withdrawal from the landmark intermediate-range nuclear forces treaty (INF) after meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin and senior Russian officials on 23 October 2018. On 4 December 2018 the US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced a 60 days ultimatum to Russia to comply with the treaty or it will withdraw from it and produce new missiles.

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Bolton said that Russia had been violating the treaty for years. Pompeo said Russia has developed intermediate-range missiles whose range makes it a direct menace to Europe. While Moscow said the ultimatum is rude and dismissed the charges. Putin said it was 'very dangerous' to dismantle a global arms control system.

The INF Treaty was concluded in Washington in December 1987 and took effect on 1 June 1988. The INF Treaty eliminated operational and non-operational medium range (1,000-5,500 kilometers) and shorter range (500-1,000 kilometers) ground-launched missiles.

The official pullout from the INF Treaty comes on 2 August 2019, six months after the Trump administration previewed its intention to scrap the 1987 agreement, citing repeated Russian violations.

Related Link(s)
Commentary and Analysis
International Politics and Society, 01/11/18: A new nuclear arms race has begun
ELN: Commentary, 23/10/18: Can the INF withdrawal be a win-win for all?
Carnegie Europe: Strategic Europe, 01/02/18: Washington’s New Defense Strategy: Bridging the Transatlantic Gap?
Chatham House: Expert Comment, 22/10/18: Pulling Out of the INF Treaty Is a Mistake That Will Affect Us All
Carnegie Europe: Strategic Europe, 25/10/18: Is a Nuclear Arms Race Avoidable?
Council on Foreign Relations: Backgrounder, 22/10/18: The Uncertain Future of the INF Treaty
ECFR: Commentary, 2410/18: To INF or not to INF? How unilateral withdrawal helps Moscow get away with treaty violations
Eurotopics, 05/08/2019: The INF treaty is no more

EurActiv, 26/10/18: NATO urges Trump officials not to quit nuclear treaty
Tass, 23/10/18: Putin suggests discussing US intention to withdraw from INF Treaty at meeting with Bolton
The Guardian, 23/10/18: US confirms withdrawal from nuclear arms treaty with Russia
BBC News, 24/10/18: INF treaty: Russia 'will respond' to new US missiles in Europe
The Guardian, 23/10/18: EU warns Trump of nuclear arms race risk after INF withdrawal move
CNBC, 04/12/18: Pompeo gives Russia an ultimatum: 60 days to comply with nuclear weapons treaty or US will leave
EurActiv, 06/1218: Save US-Russia nuclear treaty, EU urges
EurActiv, 05/12/18: US gives Russia 60 days to comply with nuclear treaty
Deustche Welle, 02/08/2019: Russia and the US nuke 32-year-old INF treaty
Politico, 02/08/2019: Demise of US-Russia missile treaty sparks concerns of domino effect
The Guardian, 02/08/2019: Nato and Russia trade barbs after collapse of nuclear arms treaty
BBC News, 02/08/2019: INF nuclear treaty: Nato 'to avoid arms race' after US-Russia pact ends
Reuters, 02/08/2019: U.S. withdraws from Soviet-era nuclear missile accord with Russia
TASS, 02/08/2019: Russian Foreign Ministry confirms termination of INF Treaty
TASS, 05/08/2019: US fails to rectify INF violations, senior Russian diplomat says

US: Department of State: Treaty Between The United States Of America And The Union Of Soviet Socialist Republics On The Elimination Of Their Intermediate-Range And Shorter-Range Missiles (INF Treaty)

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