US trade tariffs on imported steel and aluminium become effective

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Publication Date 20/06/2018
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Trade tariffs decided by United States President Donald Trump on steel and aluminium imported from the European Union (EU) and other countries came into effect on 1 June 2018, after the failure of negotiations on national security concerns relating to those imports.

The European Union later announced plans to impose counter-measures and levy duties, followed by a notification to the World Trade Organisation (WTO). On 20 June, the European Commission adopted the regulation putting in place the EU's rebalancing measures in response to the US tariffs on steel and aluminium.

Further information:

+ US tariffs: EU response and fears of a trade war

The decision to import a 25% tariff on steel imports and a 10% tariff on aluminium was first announced in March 2018 by President Trump, but temporary exemptions were later granted to the affected trading partners. This was reportedly to allow negotiations on a deal to avoid those taxes. That exemption was extended a bit further on 30 April.

The tariffs, which have prompted several challenges at the WTO, are aimed at allowing the U.S. steel and aluminium industries to increase their capacity utilization rates above 80 percent for the first time in years.

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BBC News, 22.06.18: EU tariffs on US goods come into force
The Guardian, 22.06.18: Trump threatens car tariffs after EU sets up £2.5bn of levies on US

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