|Author (Corporate)||European Union, Government of Ukraine|
|Series Title||Official Journal of the European Union|
|Series Details||L 179, Pages 4-10|
|Content Type||Legislation, Policy-making|
This Agreement applies to the transit and international carriage of goods by road between the European Union (EU) and Ukraine for hire or reward. This is without prejudice to the application of the rules established by the European Conference of Ministers of Transport multilateral quota system within the International Transport Forum. It also lays down certain specific provisions concerning driver documents.
Transportation of freight from Ukraine became very difficult as a result of Russia's invasion of this country's territory. Transport routes for the carrying of goods via the Black Sea were blocked or destroyed, and the Ukrainian airspace was closed for civilian transport. The rail network was prioritised for the transport of passengers and refugees and remained vulnerable to the Russian bombardments.
Road transport was seen as one of the main alternatives to allow Ukraine to export its products. This would support the Ukrainian economy but would also be crucial to other economies in view of food security concerns in the world.
The road freight transport between the European Union (EU) and Ukraine is governed by two main sets of mechanisms, namely bilateral transport agreements between Member States and Ukraine and permits granted in the framework of the European Conference of Ministers of Transport (ECMT) multilateral quota system within the International Transport Forum. Both these mechanisms impose quotas on hauliers from both sides, regarding transit and bilateral trade.
This Agreement replaces existing bilateral transport agreement between Member States and Ukraine, and facilitates the use of alternative transport by road for operators, as bilateral operations and transit become liberalised. The Agreement also enables the two sides to address issues relating to administrative procedures for driver documents. It is limited in time but with a possibility for renewal.
The Council of the European Union authorised the opening of negotiations with Ukraine on this Agreement on 2 June 2022. Such negotiations were successfully concluded on 14 June 2022. The Decision on the signing and provisional application of this Agreement was adopted by the Council on 27 June 2022. The Agreement was published in the Official Journal on 6 July 2022.
|Subject Categories||Business and Industry, Mobility and Transport|
|Subject Tags||Bilateral Relations, Road Transport|
|Keywords||EU External Action, Freight Services | Haulage, War in Ukraine (2022-)
|Countries / Regions||Ukraine|
|International Organisations||European Union [EU]|