European Council (Art. 50), 25 November 2018

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Publication Date November 2018
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A special meeting of the European Council in its EU27 (Art. 50) format was held on 25 November 2018, to address the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union.

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Heads of State and Government from the EU27 Member States endorsed the draft withdrawal agreement - which sets out the conditions for the exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union - and approved the non-legally binding political declaration outlining the framework for the post-Brexit relationship between the two sides. The European Council invited the EU institutions to make sure the agreement can enter into force in time for an orderly withdrawal of the United Kingdom, in March 2019. It also stated it would seek to have as close as possible a partnership with the United Kingdom in the future.

This special European Council was held after a few days of uncertainty related to last-minute concerns showed by some Member States, relating in particular to fishing rights and the status of Gibraltar in post-Brexit negotiations between the European Union and the United Kingdom. These issues were subject to interpretative statements following the European Council meeting.

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Commentary and Analysis
BBC News, 25.11.18: Macron's blunt Brexit warning to UK over fishing
The Conversation, 25.11.18: Brexit deal sealed in Brussels: believe it or not, that was the easy bit
Euro|topics, November 2018: EU 27 and London finalise their divorce

BBC News, 25.11.18: EU leaders agree UK's Brexit deal at Brussels summit
Politico, 25.11.18: EU to UK: Lose-lose Brexit deal is best you will get
EurActiv, 25.11.18: Sadness the flavour of the day as EU27 approve Brexit deal
The Guardian, 25.11.18: UK will stay in customs union without fishing deal, says Macron
Euronews, 25.11.18: EU27 endorses Brexit deal at summit, says Tusk
RTÉ News, 25.11.18: 'What's on the table is the only deal', says Varadkar

European Council (Art. 50) conclusions
European Council: Remarks by President Donald Tusk after the European Council (Art. 50) special meeting
UK Government: Department for Exiting the European Union: UK response to Council minutes statement on territorial scope
UK Government: PM's EU Council press statement: 25 November 2018
Government of France: News, 27.11.18: Brexit: a good agreement that preserves the EU’s interests and values
Chancellery of Germany: News, 25.11.18: A diplomatic tour de force, says Angela Merkel

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