Exploring the role of dependence in influencing small states’ alliance contributions: A reputation mechanism argument and assessment

Author (Person) ,
Series Title
Series Details Volume 28, Number 1, Pages 105-126
Publication Date January 2019
ISSN 0966-2839 (Print) 1746-1545 (Online)
Content Type


Dependence has been demonstrated to be a main factor driving small states’ alliance contributions. However, the causal pathway linking dependence on the one hand, and small states’ contributions on the other, is seldom explicated and assessed. Furthermore, the ways in which dependence may shape, not only drive, such contributions, have received little attention.

The purpose of this article is to elaborate the role of dependence in these regards. Drawing on Glenn H. Snyder’s “fear of abandonment” concept, it is argued that reputation is the main mechanism linking dependence and contributions. The article specifies the causal pathway and assesses it against case-study evidence of Norway’s and Sweden’s military participation in ISAF. The process tracing lends much support to the proposed mechanism, and comparison helps clarify how different alliance relationship status (member or partner) impacts on the theorised causal chain.

Source Link https://doi.org/10.1080/09662839.2019.1589455
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Record URL https://www.europeansources.info/record/?p=520239