|Author (Person)||Bond, Ian|
|Publisher||Centre for European Reform|
|Series Title||CER Policy Brief|
|Content Type||Research Paper|
The government of Boris Johnson sees little added value in a contractual arrangement with the EU on foreign, security and defence policy co-operation. It believes that the UK can instead work bilaterally with major EU member-states, who will then bring the rest of the member-states and the EU institutions into line. The Johnson government’s scepticism about binding external security co-operation arrangements has some justification. The EU has diverse arrangements for foreign, security and defence co-operation with partners, from informal to treaty-based. But even legally-binding consultation mechanisms give third countries little added influence in EU decision-making, while the cost of not having a formal arrangement is minimal.
|Subject Categories||Security and Defence|
|Countries / Regions||Europe, United Kingdom|
|International Organisations||European Union [EU]|