Negotiations on the future relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom

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Author (Corporate)
Publication Date 2020
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Summary:

Overview, reports and analyses relating the negotiations between the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom (UK) on a post-Brexit relationship.

Further information:

The United Kingdom withdrew from the European Union on 1 February 2020. A Withdrawal Agreement entered into force and provides for a transition period until the end of the year (unless a Joint Committee adopts a decision extending that transition period). A Political Declaration accompanying the Withdrawal Agreement is to serve as the basis for negotiations on the future relationship between the EU and the UK. This document highlights that such partnership should cover trade and economic cooperation as well as other areas, such as security, defence and foreign policy.

The European Commission adopted a Recommendation for a Council on opening negotiations with the UK on 3 February 2020, including the negotiating directives. The Council adopted that Decision on 25 February with minor amendments. The UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson set out in broad terms his vision for the future EU-UK relationship on 3 February. On 17 February, the UK chief negotiator David Frost addressed an audience in Brussels where his vision for a trade agreement with the EU was also set out. The UK Government eventually released its initial negotiating stance on 27 February.

The first round of negotiations took place on 2 March 2020, in Brussels. The second round was postponed due to the COVID-19 outbreak, according to a joint statement on 12 March. Alternative meeting arrangements were sought during the sanitary crisis. On 18 March, the European Commission published a draft legal agreement translating the negotiating mandate agreed at an earlier stage.

Related Link(s)
Commentary and Analysis
Institute for Government: Explainer: Brexit transition period https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/explainers/brexit-transition-period
The Conversation, 30/01/2020: Brexit: here’s what happens next https://theconversation.com/brexit-heres-what-happens-next-130849
EU Law Analysis, 30/01/2020: Avoiding the next Brexit Cliff-Edge: Extending the Transition Period for the UK after 1 July 2020 http://eulawanalysis.blogspot.com/2020/01/avoiding-next-brexit-cliff-edge.html
Chatham House: Expert Comment, 31/01/2020: In Next Round of EU Negotiations, Britain Faces Familiar Pitfalls https://www.chathamhouse.org/expert/comment/next-round-eu-negotiations-britain-faces-familiar-pitfalls
LSE: Brexit Blog, 31/01/2020: Brexit is done? Brexit has only just begun https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/brexit/2020/01/31/brexit-is-done-brexit-has-only-just-begun/
Spiegel Online International, 31/01/2020: Europe Can’t Afford to Alienate the UK https://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/europe-can-t-afford-to-alienate-the-uk-after-brexit-a-6884d32f-d36d-40fa-bf1c-d74a7eb632f2
UK in a Changing Europe: Analysis, 31/01/2020: Brexit: what happens at and after 31 January? https://ukandeu.ac.uk/brexit-what-happens-at-and-after-31-january/
Politico, 03/02/2020: 5 potential clashes in the next phase of Brexit talks https://www.politico.eu/article/5-potential-clashes-in-the-next-phase-of-brexit-talks/
Euro|topics, February 2020: EU and UK: what comes after the farewells? https://www.eurotopics.net/en/234415/
The Guardian, 03/02/2020: Brexit: where do the EU and UK stand before talks begin? https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2020/feb/03/brexit-where-eu-uk-stand-before-talks-begin
Institute for Government: Blog Comment, 03/02/2020: More Brexit battles ahead as the EU and UK set out future relationship priorities https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/more-brexit-battles-ahead-eu-and-uk-set-out-future-relationship-priorities
UK in a Changing Europe: Analysis, 03/02/2020: Britain’s Brexit odyssey is far from over https://ukandeu.ac.uk/britains-brexit-odyssey-is-far-from-over/
Euro|topics, February 2020: Before the Brexit negotiations: EU under pressure https://www.eurotopics.net/en/234653/
BBC News, 04/02/2020: UK vs EU: What both sides want from a post-Brexit trade deal https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/uk-politics-51363016/
CEPS: In Brief, 04/02/2020: Building an EU-UK special relationship https://www.ceps.eu/building-an-eu-uk-special-relationship/
Institute for Government: Explainer: UK–EU future relationship negotiations: how do the opening positions compare? https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/explainers/uk-eu-future-relationship-negotiations-opening-positions
LSE: Brexit Blog, 10/02/2020: It’s the autonomy, stupid – can the EU and UK agree the rules of a future relationship? https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/brexit/2020/02/10/long-read-its-the-autonomy-stupid-can-the-eu-and-uk-agree-the-rules-of-a-future-relationship/
UK in a Changing Europe: Analysis, 11/02/2020: The financial services sector will be key as the trade negotiations begin https://ukandeu.ac.uk/the-financial-services-sector-will-be-key-as-the-trade-negotiations-begin/
Institute for Government: Blog, 12/02/2020: Agreeing a future EU–UK deal is not the biggest of the EU’s Brexit headaches https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/agreeing-future-eu-uk-deal-not-biggest-eus-brexit-headaches
LSE: Brexit Blog, 13/02/2020: Employment and social policy will be a sticking point in negotiations between London and Brussels https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/brexit/2020/02/13/employment-and-social-policy-will-be-a-sticking-point-in-negotiations-between-london-and-brussels/
The Spectator: Blog, 17/02/2020: Top UK Brexit negotiator David Frost on his plans for an EU trade deal [Full Text of intervention] https://blogs.spectator.co.uk/2020/02/full-text-top-uk-brexit-negotiator-david-frost-on-his-plans-for-an-eu-trade-deal/
The Spectator: Blog, 17/02/2020: Boris’s chief Brexit negotiator urges EU to rethink its red lines https://blogs.spectator.co.uk/2020/02/david-frost-tries-to-convince-eu-to-take-uk-negotiating-position-seriously/
RTÉ News, 18/02/2020: 5 key points from David Frost's Brussels speech https://www.rte.ie/news/brexit/2020/0218/1115982-david-frost-speech/
EUObserver, 19/02/2020: Boris' Brexit bluff? - UK will resist alignment to the end https://euobserver.com/opinion/147485
EPRS: Briefing, February 2020: Future EU-UK trade relationship https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_BRI(2020)646185
The Guardian, 25/02/2020: Why chlorinated chicken is centre of the table in UK-EU talks https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2020/feb/25/why-chlorinated-chicken-is-centre-of-the-table-in-uk-eu-talks
Bloomberg, 26/02/2020: Boris Johnson and the EU Are Talking Past Each Other, Again https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-02-26/boris-johnson-and-the-eu-are-talking-past-each-other-again
Forbes, 27/02/2020: Boris Johnson’s Short Attention Span Risks Undermining The UK’s Post-Brexit Trade Negotiations https://www.forbes.com/sites/harrybroadman/2020/02/27/boris-johnsons-short-attention-span-risks-undermining-the-uks-post-brexit-trade-negotiations/#375bc2643de4
Reuters: Explainer, 27/02/2020: Gaps between Britain and EU on eve of talks on post-Brexit ties https://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKKCN20L256
BBC News, 27/02/2020: UK nears acid test in trade talks with EU https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-51657273
Euro|topics, February 2020: Brexit negotiations: will London break its promises? https://www.eurotopics.net/en/236057/
LSE: Brexit Blog, 28/02/2020: Is this a return to no deal? Probably not – but there will be losers https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/brexit/2020/02/28/deal-or-no-deal-once-more-a-question/
BBC News, 02/03/2020: Brexit: What to expect from UK-EU trade talks https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-51657084
CER: Insights, 02/03/2020: The future EU-UK relationship and the (relative) case for optimism https://www.cer.eu/insights/future-eu-uk-relationship-and-relative-case-optimism
Politico, 03/03/2020: Britain plays hardball in Brexit trade talks https://www.politico.eu/article/uk-britain-boris-johnson-plays-hardball-in-eu-brexit-trade-talks/
BBC News, 05/03/2020: EU-UK Brexit talks: Differences clear after first week https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-51751030
The Economist, 05/03/2020: The gaps between the EU and Britain are wide—and time is short https://www.economist.com/britain/2020/03/05/the-gaps-between-the-eu-and-britain-are-wide-and-time-is-short

News
Deutsche Welle, 31/01/2020: A divided Britain enters new era as it leaves the European Union https://p.dw.com/p/3X7BO
EurActiv, 31/01/2020: ‘Dawn of a new era’, says Johnson as UK exits EU https://www.euractiv.com/section/uk-europe/news/dawn-of-a-new-era-says-johnson-as-uk-exits-eu/
Politico, 02/02/2020: UK hardens rhetoric ahead of trade talks with Brussels https://www.politico.eu/article/uk-hardens-rhetoric-ahead-of-trade-talks-with-brussels/
Deutsche Welle, 03/02/2020: EU, UK begin post-Brexit poker on trade talks https://p.dw.com/p/3XDsP
The Guardian, 03/02/2020: UK and EU set out contrasting goals for post-Brexit trade deal https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2020/feb/03/uk-and-eu-set-out-contrasting-goals-for-post-brexit-trade-deal
Sky News, 16/02/2020: Government dismisses EU trade demands as unreasonable and ridiculous https://news.sky.com/story/boris-johnson-eu-trade-demands-are-ridiculous-and-unreasonable-11935283
RFI News, 16/02/2020: France warns of bloody, bitter Brexit battle with Brits http://www.rfi.fr/en/international/20200216-france-warns-bloody-bitter-brexit-battle-brits
BBC News, 17/02/2020: Brexit: France warns UK of bitter trade negotiations https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-51526784
The Guardian, 17/02/2020: We won't budge on escaping EU rules, says UK's Brexit negotiator https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2020/feb/17/britain-wont-follow-eu-trade-rules-after-brexit-says-uks-chief-negotiator
BBC News, 17/02/2020: Brexit negotiator says UK must be able to set its own laws https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-51538491
Reuters, 17/02/2020: Britain won't heed EU rules to win free trade: PM aide https://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKKBN20B1UM
ITV News, 17/02/2020: 'We'll set laws that suit us': Chief Brexit negotiator insists Britain will not accept EU demands https://www.itv.com/news/2020-02-17/boris-johnson-european-union-negotiations-france-david-frost/
Sky News, 17/02/2020: Signing up to EU standards would defeat purpose of Brexit, UK negotiator David Frost says https://news.sky.com/story/signing-up-to-eu-standards-would-defeat-purpose-of-brexit-uk-negotiator-david-frost-says-11936688
RTÉ News, 18/02/2020: EU demand for level playing field on trade talks 'undemocratic' - Frost https://www.rte.ie/news/brexit/2020/0217/1115882-trade-brexit-uk-eu/
EurActiv, 18/02/2020: Frost: The whole point of Brexit is to break free from EU rules https://www.euractiv.com/section/uk-europe/news/frost-the-point-of-the-whole-brexit-is-to-break-free-from-eu-rules/
Politico, 18/02/2020: UK’s EU guru explains Brexit with dinosaurs and de Gaulle https://www.politico.eu/article/boris-johnsons-eu-guru-explains-brexit-with-dinosaurs-and-de-gaulle/
RTÉ News, 18/02/2020: EU to seek return of cultural artefacts under Brexit deal https://www.rte.ie/news/brexit/2020/0218/1116159-elgin-marbles/
BBC News, 18/02/2020: Michel Barnier: UK can't have Canada trade deal with EU https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-51549662
EurActiv, 19/02/2020: Brussels bristles at ‘dishonest’ UK government tweet https://www.euractiv.com/section/uk-europe/news/brussels-bristles-at-dishonest-uk-government-tweet/
The Guardian, 19/02/2020: UK-EU trade tensions descend into 'slide war https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2020/feb/19/uk-eu-trade-tensions-descend-into-slide-war
TIME, 19/02/2020: U.K. Not Losing Its Marbles, Says Famed Greek Sculptures Cannot Be Part of Trade Negotiations With European Union https://time.com/5786406/elgin-marbles-greece-brexit-trade-deal/
The Guardian, 19/02/2020: Brexit deal 'a different ball game' to Canada agreement, warns EU https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2020/feb/19/brexit-deal-different-ball-game-canada-agreement-eu-uk-brussels-trade
Euronews, 25/02/2020: Michel Barnier warns UK: EU will not conclude post-Brexit trade deal 'at any price' https://www.euronews.com/2020/02/25/brussels-and-london-flex-muscles-as-eu-prepares-to-finalise-post-brexit-trade-stance
The Guardian, 25/02/2020: Downing Street rejects EU's 'onerous' opening trade offer https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2020/feb/25/downing-street-rejects-eu-opening-trade-offer
BBC News, 25/02/2020: Brexit: EU warns UK over goods checks between NI and GB https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-51632340
Reuters, 02/03/2020: Talking about life after the divorce: EU and Britain set for new talks https://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKKBN20P009
The Guardian, 05/03/2020: Barnier warns of grave differences between EU and UK in trade talks https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2020/mar/05/barnier-warns-of-grave-differences-between-eu-and-uk-in-trade-talks

Official
General Secretariat of the Council: EU-UK negotiations on the future relationship https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/policies/eu-uk-negotiations-on-the-future-relationship/
Welsh Government: Written Statement, 11/02/2020: Welsh Government response to the initial UK and EU negotiation mandates https://gov.wales/written-statement-welsh-government-response-initial-uk-and-eu-negotiation-mandates
European Parliament: Press Release, 02/03/2020: EU-UK future relations: crucial to ensure EU leverage and unity https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20200302IPR73703/
European Commission: Negotiations with the UK: Michel Barnier, the European Commission's Chief Negotiator, sets out points of convergence and divergence following the first round of negotiations (5 March 2020 - in French) https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/speech_20_402
European Commission: Joint statement by EU and UK negotiators on next week's round of negotiations (12 March 2020) https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/statement_20_455

ESO Records
Council Decision authorising the opening of negotiations for a new partnership with the United Kingdom https://www.europeansources.info/record/recommendation-for-a-council-decision-authorising-the-opening-of-negotiations-for-a-new-partnership-with-the-united-kingdom/

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