Negotiations on the future relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom

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Publication Date 2020
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Overview, reports and analyses relating the negotiations between the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom (UK) on a post-Brexit relationship.

Further information:

The United Kingdom withdrew from the European Union on 1 February 2020. A Withdrawal Agreement entered into force and provides for a transition period until the end of the year (unless a Joint Committee adopts a decision extending that transition period). A Political Declaration accompanying the Withdrawal Agreement is to serve as the basis for negotiations on the future relationship between the EU and the UK. This document highlights that such partnership should cover trade and economic cooperation as well as other areas, such as security, defence and foreign policy.

The European Commission adopted a Recommendation for a Council on opening negotiations with the UK on 3 February 2020, including the negotiating directives. The Council adopted that Decision on 25 February with minor amendments. The UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson set out in broad terms his vision for the future EU-UK relationship on 3 February. On 17 February, the UK chief negotiator David Frost addressed an audience in Brussels where his vision for a trade agreement with the EU was also set out. The UK Government eventually released its initial negotiating stance on 27 February.

The first round of negotiations took place on 2 March 2020, in Brussels. The second round was postponed due to the COVID-19 outbreak, according to a joint statement on 12 March. Alternative meeting arrangements were sought during the sanitary crisis. On 18 March, the European Commission published a draft legal agreement translating the negotiating mandate agreed at an earlier stage.

Related Link(s)
Commentary and Analysis
Institute for Government: Explainer: Brexit transition period
The Conversation, 30/01/2020: Brexit: here’s what happens next
EU Law Analysis, 30/01/2020: Avoiding the next Brexit Cliff-Edge: Extending the Transition Period for the UK after 1 July 2020
Chatham House: Expert Comment, 31/01/2020: In Next Round of EU Negotiations, Britain Faces Familiar Pitfalls
LSE: Brexit Blog, 31/01/2020: Brexit is done? Brexit has only just begun
Spiegel Online International, 31/01/2020: Europe Can’t Afford to Alienate the UK
UK in a Changing Europe: Analysis, 31/01/2020: Brexit: what happens at and after 31 January?
Politico, 03/02/2020: 5 potential clashes in the next phase of Brexit talks
Euro|topics, February 2020: EU and UK: what comes after the farewells?
The Guardian, 03/02/2020: Brexit: where do the EU and UK stand before talks begin?
Institute for Government: Blog Comment, 03/02/2020: More Brexit battles ahead as the EU and UK set out future relationship priorities
UK in a Changing Europe: Analysis, 03/02/2020: Britain’s Brexit odyssey is far from over
Euro|topics, February 2020: Before the Brexit negotiations: EU under pressure
BBC News, 04/02/2020: UK vs EU: What both sides want from a post-Brexit trade deal
CEPS: In Brief, 04/02/2020: Building an EU-UK special relationship
Institute for Government: Explainer: UK–EU future relationship negotiations: how do the opening positions compare?
LSE: Brexit Blog, 10/02/2020: It’s the autonomy, stupid – can the EU and UK agree the rules of a future relationship?
UK in a Changing Europe: Analysis, 11/02/2020: The financial services sector will be key as the trade negotiations begin
Institute for Government: Blog, 12/02/2020: Agreeing a future EU–UK deal is not the biggest of the EU’s Brexit headaches
LSE: Brexit Blog, 13/02/2020: Employment and social policy will be a sticking point in negotiations between London and Brussels
The Spectator: Blog, 17/02/2020: Top UK Brexit negotiator David Frost on his plans for an EU trade deal [Full Text of intervention]
The Spectator: Blog, 17/02/2020: Boris’s chief Brexit negotiator urges EU to rethink its red lines
RTÉ News, 18/02/2020: 5 key points from David Frost's Brussels speech
EUObserver, 19/02/2020: Boris' Brexit bluff? - UK will resist alignment to the end
EPRS: Briefing, February 2020: Future EU-UK trade relationship
The Guardian, 25/02/2020: Why chlorinated chicken is centre of the table in UK-EU talks
Bloomberg, 26/02/2020: Boris Johnson and the EU Are Talking Past Each Other, Again
Forbes, 27/02/2020: Boris Johnson’s Short Attention Span Risks Undermining The UK’s Post-Brexit Trade Negotiations
Reuters: Explainer, 27/02/2020: Gaps between Britain and EU on eve of talks on post-Brexit ties
BBC News, 27/02/2020: UK nears acid test in trade talks with EU
Euro|topics, February 2020: Brexit negotiations: will London break its promises?
LSE: Brexit Blog, 28/02/2020: Is this a return to no deal? Probably not – but there will be losers
BBC News, 02/03/2020: Brexit: What to expect from UK-EU trade talks
CER: Insights, 02/03/2020: The future EU-UK relationship and the (relative) case for optimism
Politico, 03/03/2020: Britain plays hardball in Brexit trade talks
BBC News, 05/03/2020: EU-UK Brexit talks: Differences clear after first week
The Economist, 05/03/2020: The gaps between the EU and Britain are wide—and time is short

Deutsche Welle, 31/01/2020: A divided Britain enters new era as it leaves the European Union
EurActiv, 31/01/2020: ‘Dawn of a new era’, says Johnson as UK exits EU
Politico, 02/02/2020: UK hardens rhetoric ahead of trade talks with Brussels
Deutsche Welle, 03/02/2020: EU, UK begin post-Brexit poker on trade talks
The Guardian, 03/02/2020: UK and EU set out contrasting goals for post-Brexit trade deal
Sky News, 16/02/2020: Government dismisses EU trade demands as unreasonable and ridiculous
RFI News, 16/02/2020: France warns of bloody, bitter Brexit battle with Brits
BBC News, 17/02/2020: Brexit: France warns UK of bitter trade negotiations
The Guardian, 17/02/2020: We won't budge on escaping EU rules, says UK's Brexit negotiator
BBC News, 17/02/2020: Brexit negotiator says UK must be able to set its own laws
Reuters, 17/02/2020: Britain won't heed EU rules to win free trade: PM aide
ITV News, 17/02/2020: 'We'll set laws that suit us': Chief Brexit negotiator insists Britain will not accept EU demands
Sky News, 17/02/2020: Signing up to EU standards would defeat purpose of Brexit, UK negotiator David Frost says
RTÉ News, 18/02/2020: EU demand for level playing field on trade talks 'undemocratic' - Frost
EurActiv, 18/02/2020: Frost: The whole point of Brexit is to break free from EU rules
Politico, 18/02/2020: UK’s EU guru explains Brexit with dinosaurs and de Gaulle
RTÉ News, 18/02/2020: EU to seek return of cultural artefacts under Brexit deal
BBC News, 18/02/2020: Michel Barnier: UK can't have Canada trade deal with EU
EurActiv, 19/02/2020: Brussels bristles at ‘dishonest’ UK government tweet
The Guardian, 19/02/2020: UK-EU trade tensions descend into 'slide war
TIME, 19/02/2020: U.K. Not Losing Its Marbles, Says Famed Greek Sculptures Cannot Be Part of Trade Negotiations With European Union
The Guardian, 19/02/2020: Brexit deal 'a different ball game' to Canada agreement, warns EU
Euronews, 25/02/2020: Michel Barnier warns UK: EU will not conclude post-Brexit trade deal 'at any price'
The Guardian, 25/02/2020: Downing Street rejects EU's 'onerous' opening trade offer
BBC News, 25/02/2020: Brexit: EU warns UK over goods checks between NI and GB
Reuters, 02/03/2020: Talking about life after the divorce: EU and Britain set for new talks
The Guardian, 05/03/2020: Barnier warns of grave differences between EU and UK in trade talks

General Secretariat of the Council: EU-UK negotiations on the future relationship
Welsh Government: Written Statement, 11/02/2020: Welsh Government response to the initial UK and EU negotiation mandates
European Parliament: Press Release, 02/03/2020: EU-UK future relations: crucial to ensure EU leverage and unity
European Commission: Negotiations with the UK: Michel Barnier, the European Commission's Chief Negotiator, sets out points of convergence and divergence following the first round of negotiations (5 March 2020 - in French)
European Commission: Joint statement by EU and UK negotiators on next week's round of negotiations (12 March 2020)

ESO Records
Council Decision authorising the opening of negotiations for a new partnership with the United Kingdom

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