Proposal for a Directive on energy efficiency (recast)

Author (Corporate)
Series Details COM (2021) 558
Publication Date 14/07/2021
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Legislative initiative tabled by the European Commission on 14 July 2021, revising the so-called Energy Efficiency Directive to adapt it to the latest objectives set out in the framework of the European Green Deal. This is a text with EEA relevance.

Further information:

Directive 2012/37/EU - also known as the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) - provides a common framework of measures covering every stage of the energy chain, from generation to distribution and final consumption, aiming to improve energy efficiency across the European Union. A target of 20% was set for 2020 (compared to 1990 levels). Amendments introduced by Directive 2018/2002 later set a 32.5% energy efficiency target by 2030.

The EED also includes provisions to address energy poverty. The European Green Deal reaffirmed the need to tackle social needs whilst developing a sustainable and climate-neutral economy. The amendments within the draft law aim to support reinforcing the EED to better address remaining market barriers and failures by considering the latest, broader targets. It therefore strengthens the different provisions of the EED to align it with the 2030 Climate Target Plan. It sets more ambitious binding annual target for reducing energy use at EU level. It guides how national contributions are established and increases annual energy saving obligation for Member States. The public sector is required to renovate 3% of its buildings each year.

The draft law was unveiled by the European Commission on 14 July 2021, as part of the so-called Fit for 55 legislative package. The Council of the European Union adopted its general approach on 27 June 2022. The relevant committee of the European Parliament adopted a preliminary negotiating position on 13 July, which was endorsed by the plenary on 14 September. An informal agreement between the co-legislators on a compromise text for this file was reached on 10 March 2023.

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Commentary and Analysis
European Council for an Energy Efficiency Economy (ECEEE): Policy Pages: The Energy Efficiency Directive
Right to Energy Coalition, 14/07/2021: Fit for 55, not fit for Europe’s energy poor
BEUC: Energy Efficiency Directive: key points for consumers (17 September 2021)
Linklaters: Sustainable Futures, 24/09/2021: EU "Fit for 55": Energy Efficiency First
Climate Action Network (CAN Europe): Position paper on the Energy Efficiency Directive Recast (23 November 2021)
EurElectric: Position Paper, 06/12/2021: Revision of the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED)
EPRS: Briefing, December 2021: Fit for 55 package: Recasting the Energy Efficiency Directive - Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment
European Geothermal Energy Council (EGEC): Energy Efficiency Directive 2022 recast – EGEC Position Paper (3 February 2022)
Heinrich Böll Foundation: Commentary, 04/04/2022: Energy efficiency is the best choice for Europe’s energy sovereignty!
EPRS: Briefing, September 2022: Revising the Energy Efficiency Directive: Fit for 55 package
Confederation of European Paper Industries (CEPI): Press Release, 15/09/2022: European Parliament votes shows a new long-term EU approach on energy takes shape, but will it pass the test of time?
Climate Action Network (CAN Europe): Letter, 28/02/2023: Call for a more ambitious Energy Efficiency Directive

EurActiv, 06/07/2021: EU bets on energy savings, greener buildings to meet climate target
Politico, 09/07/2021: EU green renovation push raises the heat on EU countries
EurActiv, 01/12/2021: Energy efficiency law ‘too ambitious’ for some EU member states
Climate Action Network (CAN Europe): Policy Briefing, March 2022: Efficient district heating in CEE-countries. The role of the Energy Efficiency Directive for public finance mechanisms
EurActiv, 12/07/2022: EU Parliament groups unite behind 14.5% energy savings goal for 2030
EurActiv, 28/12/2022: EU aims to agree new energy efficiency law in 2023
Reuters, 10/03/2023: EU strikes deal to curb energy use by 2030
EurActiv, 10/03/2023: New EU energy efficiency directive sets 11.7% reduction target by 2030

EUR-LEX: SWD(2021)623: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Impact Assessment Report
EUR-LEX: SWD(2021)624: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Executive Summary of the Impact Assessment Report
EUR-LEX: SWD(2021)625: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Evaluation of Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency
EUR-LEX: SWD(2021)626: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Executive Summary of the Evaluation of Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency
EUR-LEX: SWD(2021)627: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Subsidiarity Grid
European Parliament: Legislative Observatory: Procedure File for Proposal on Energy Efficiency Directive (2021/0203(COD))
European Parliament: Legislative Train Schedule: Revision of the Energy Efficiency Directive
European Commission: Topics: Energy Efficiency Directive
European Commission: Press Release, 14/07/2021: European Green Deal: Commission proposes transformation of EU economy and society to meet climate ambitions
European Commission: News, 14/07/2021: Commission proposes new Energy Efficiency Directive
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 27/06/2022: "Fit for 55": Council agrees on higher targets for renewables and energy efficiency
European Parliament: Press Release, 13/07/2021: MEPs back boost for renewables use and energy savings
EPP EP Group: Newsroom, 12/09/2022: Save energy to reduce bills
Greens/EFA EP Group: Press Release, 13/09/2022: Combating the energy crisis with renewables & energy savings
European Parliament: Press Release, 14/09/2022: Parliament backs boost for renewables use and energy savings
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 10/03/2023: Council and Parliament strike deal on energy efficiency directive
European Parliament: Press Release, 10/03/2023: Parliament and Council negotiators agree on new rules to boost energy savings
European Commission: Press Release, 10/03/2023: European Green Deal: EU agrees stronger rules to boost energy efficiency
Renew Europe EP Group: Newsroom, 10/03/2023: Energy Efficiency Directive: final agreement could have been more ambitious, but is an important step forward

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