Proposal for a Regulation amending Regulation (EU) 2018/842 on binding annual greenhouse gas emission reductions by Member States from 2021 to 2030 contributing to climate action to meet commitments under the Paris Agreement

Author (Corporate)
Series Details COM (2021) 555
Publication Date 14/07/2021
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Legislative initiative tabled by the European Commission on 14 July 2021, introducing amendments to Regulation (EU) 2018/842 concerning the contributions of each Member State of the European Union (EU) to fulfilling the overall target of reducing the EU's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for the period 2021-2030. This is a text with EEA relevance.

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Regulation (EU) 2018/842 - also known as the Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR) - lays down obligations on Member States as regards their minimum contributions to the fulfilment of the EU's commitments on reducing its GHG emissions in the framework of the Paris Agreement. It also laws down rules on determining annual emission allocations and for the evaluation of national progress towards meeting minimum contributions.

This draft law assigns strengthened emission reduction targets to each Member State for buildings, road and domestic maritime transport, agriculture, waste and small industries. These targets recognise the different starting points and capacities of each country. The update reflects the increased ambition enshrined in the European Climate Law.

The proposal was unveiled by the European Commission on 14 July 2021, as part of the so-called Fit for 55 legislative package. The European Parliament's relevant committee adopted a preliminary position on 17 May 2022.

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Commentary and Analysis
EurActiv: Opinion, 19/10/2021: How carbon payments can facilitate the EU’s new effort sharing targets
EPRS: Briefing, November 2021: Revising the Effort-Sharing Regulation for 2021-2030: 'Fit for 55' package
EPRS: Briefing, December 2021: 'Fit for 55' package: Revision of the Effort-Sharing Regulation - Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment
LIFE Unify Consortium: Report, March 2022: Implementing the Effort Sharing Regulation at the national level. Lessons learned and recommendations from the LIFE Unify project
Transport&Environment (T&E): Policy Update, 12/05/2022: EU Parliament to vote on future of national climate targets
European Environmental Bureau (EEB): Meta, 19/05/2022: Effort Sharing Regulation: MEPs vote for access to justice!
EPRS: At a Glance, June 2022: Revision of the Effort-Sharing Regulation

EurActiv, 28/09/2021: EU countries urged to step up emission cuts in buildings, transport and agriculture
EurActiv, 17/01/2022: Key EU lawmaker wants rules to prevent countries dodging emissions cuts
ERR News, 23/01/2022: EU rapporteur recommends fines for states that fail to hit climate targets
Reuters, 21/04/2022: EU countries edge towards deal to share out emissions-cutting efforts

EUR-LEX: SWD(2021)553: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Subsidiarity Grid
EUR-LEX: SWD(2021)611: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Impact Assessment Report
EUR-LEX: SWD(2021)612: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Executive Summary of the Impact Assessment Report
European Parliament: Legislative Observatory: Procedure File for Proposal on Binding annual greenhouse gas emission reductions by Member States (Effort Sharing Regulation) (2021/0200(COD))
European Parliament: Legislative Train Schedule: Review of the Effort-Sharing Regulation
European Commission: Climate Action: Effort sharing 2021-2030: targets and flexibilities
European Commission: Press Release, 14/07/2021: European Green Deal: Commission proposes transformation of EU economy and society to meet climate ambitions
European Parliament: Press Release, 17/05/2022: Fit for 55: MEPs want stricter rules for member states’ greenhouse gas emissions

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