Proposal for a Regulation establishing the space programme of the Union and the European Union Agency for the Space Programme

Author (Corporate)
Series Details COM (2018) 447
Publication Date 06/06/2018
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Legislative initiative tabled by the European Commission on 6 June 2018, aimed at establishing the European Union's Space Programme for the period 2021-2027.

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This initiative builds on the vision set out in the 2016 Space Strategy for Europe. The programme brings together all the existing and new space activities developed by the EU. It aims to provide a coherent framework for future investments, offering increased visibility and more flexibility. The proposal includes provisions on the role of the intergovernmental European Space Agency (ESA) in implementing the Space Programme. The European Global Navigation Satellite System Agency (GNSS Agency) is to be renamed EU Agency for the Space Programme, which is established. The initiative also repeals Regulations (EU) No 912/2010, (EU) No 1285/2013, (EU) No 377/2014 and Decision 541/2014/EU.

The initiative was tabled by the European Commission on 6 June 2018, in the framework of proposals concerning the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) for the period 2021-2027. The European Parliament's plenary adopted a negotiating position on 13 December. A partial informal agreement between the co-legislators was reached in February 2019 (excluding financial provisions, subject to wider political negotiations). The Commission later proposed further amendments to the draft law which were taken into account by an amended partial agreement adopted by the Council on 13 March 2019. This compromise text was endorsed by the Parliament on 17 April 2019. Negotiations on the financial provisions carried on more widely. The Commission adopted revamped proposals on the MFF 2021-2027 in May 2020. The informal agreement on the financial provisions in November 2020 and endorsement in the following month led to a more specific full agreement also on this draft law. This was endorsed by the Council on 19 April 2021, followed by the Parliament on 27 April.

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Commentary and Analysis
Wikipedia: European Union Agency for the Space Programme
EPRS: Briefing, November 2018: Establishing the European Space Programme - Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment 2021-2027 MFF
EPRS: Briefing, May 2019: EU space programme
NEREUS: A United EU Space for a more resilient, sustainable and fair Europe: A Joint Letter (25 May 2020)

The Guardian, 06/06/2018: European Space Agency boss warns EU of rival agency risks
BBC News, 60/06/2018: European Commission seeks to boost space spending
Reuters, 06/06/2018: EU Commission shoots for stars with increased space budget
EUObserver, 08/10/2018: EU tug of war over Prague-based space agency
EurActiv, 18/12/2018: Europe has ambitious plans to explore the universe
EUObserver, 18/02/2019: ESA pushback against new EU space agency plan
Science Business, 16/12/2020: Reach for the stars: EU reaches agreement on €14.8B space programme

EUR-LEX: SWD(2018)327: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Impact assessment
EUR-Lex: SWD(2018)328: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Executive summary of the impact assessment
European Parliament: Legislative Observatory: Procedure File for Proposal on Space programme 2021–2027 and European Union Agency for the Space Programme (2018/0236(COD))
European Parliament: Legislative Train Schedule: Proposal for a Regulation establishing the space programme of the Union and the European Union Agency for the Space Programme
European Commission: DG Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs: Space
General Secretariat of the Council: Policies: EU Space Policy
European Commission: Press Release, 06/06/2018: A €16 billion Space Programme to boost EU space leadership beyond 2020
European Commission: Questions and Answers on the new EU Space Programme (6 June 2018)
European Commission: Press Release, 16/12/2020: Commission welcomes the political agreement on the European Space Programme
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 19/04/2021: Council adopts position on €14.8 billion EU space programme for 2021-2027
European Commission: Press Release, 28/04/2021: EU Space Regulation ready to take off
S&D Group: Newsroom, 28/04/2021: EU Space Programme 2021-2027 ready for take off

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