Regulation (EU) 2022/868 on European data governance and amending Regulation (EU) 2018/1724 (Data Governance Act)

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Series Details L 152, Pages 1-44
Publication Date 03/06/2022
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Regulation (EU) 2022/868 - formally signed by the co-legislators on 30 May 2022 - concerning data sharing across the European Union (EU) and between sectors. It became known as the Data Governance Act. This is a text with EEA relevance.

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This Regulation lays down the conditions for the re-use in the EU of certain categories of data held by public sector bodies, a notification and supervisory framework for the provision of data intermediation services, a framework for voluntary registration of entities which collect and process data made available for altruistic purposes, and a framework for the establishment of a European Data Innovation Board. It also introduces amendments to Regulation (EU) 2018/1724, which established the Single Digital Gateway.

The draft law was tabled by the European Commission on 25 November 2020, aiming to foster the availability of data for use by increasing trust in data intermediaries and by strengthening data-sharing mechanisms across the EU. It was put forward as the first of a set of measures announced in the 2020 European Strategy for Data. It aimed at offering an alternative model to data handling practice of major tech platforms, one which is based on the neutrality and transparency of data intermediaries.

The European Parliament's relevant committee adopted a negotiating position in July 2021. The Council of the European Union adopted its general approach to the text on 1 October 2021. An informal agreement between the co-legislators on a compromise text concerning this draft law was reached on 30 November. This was formally endorsed by the Parliament on 6 April 2022 and by the Council on 16 May. The Act was formally signed by the co-legislators on 30 May 2022 and published in the Official Journal on 3 June 2022.

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Commentary and Analysis
Wikipedia: Data Governance Act
EDRi: Resources, 25/11/2020: EU alphabet soup of digital acts: DSA, DMA and DGA
Bruegel: Opinion, 26/11/2020: A timid start for European Union data governance
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EurActiv: Topics: Data Governance Act
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EUR-LEX: COM(2020)767: Proposal for a Regulation on European data governance (Data Governance Act)
EUR-LEX: SWD(2020)295: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Impact Assessment Report
EUR-LEX: SWD(2020)296: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Executive Summary of the Impact Assessment Report
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Council of the European Union: Press Release, 30/11/2021: Promoting data sharing: presidency reaches deal with Parliament on Data Governance Act
European Parliament: Press Release, 30/11/2021: Data governance: deal on new rules to boost data sharing across the EU
European Parliament: Press Release, 06/04/2022: Data governance: Parliament approves new rules boosting intra-EU data sharing
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 16/05/2022: Council approves Data Governance Act

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