|Author (Corporate)||Council of the European Union, European Parliament|
|Series Title||Official Journal of the European Union|
|Series Details||L 234, Pages 1-47|
|Content Type||Blog & Commentary, Legislation, Policy-making|
Regulation (EU) 2023/1804 - adopted by the co-legislators on 13 September 2023 - revising the so-called Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Regulation (AFIR). This is a text with EEA relevance.
This Regulation establishes mandatory national targets leading to the deployment of sufficient alternative fuels infrastructure in the European Union (EU) for road vehicles, trains, vessels and stationary aircraft. It lays down common technical specifications and requirements on user information, data provision and payment requirements for alternative fuels infrastructure. It also establishes rules for the national policy frameworks to be adopted by the Member States, including rules for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in areas where no mandatory EU-wide targets are set and for reporting on the deployment of such infrastructure. Finally, this Regulation sets out a reporting mechanism to encourage cooperation and ensures robust tracking of progress.
The Act revises and repeals Directive 2014/94/EU. A report published by the Commission on its implementation identified a number of shortcomings, including great variation in setting targets and ambition between Member States and a lack of comprehensive network of alternative fuels infrastructure. This was backed up by other assessments carried out on the Directive and on the infrastructure.
This piece of legislative is aligned with the European Green Deal, which was adopted in December 2019. The EGD called for a 90% reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in transport. The European Climate Law also comprised binding targets for GHG emissions reductions. The 2030 Climate Target Plan noted the relevance of a holistic approach to large-scale and local infrastructure planning and the need for an appropriate rollout of alternative fuels infrastructure to support the transition to a nearly zero-emission car fleet by 2050. This transformation was laid out in detail in the Commission's Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy.
The draft law was adopted by the European Commission on 14 July 2021, as part of the so-called Fit for 55 legislative package and alongside a Communication setting out supplementary actions to support the rapid deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure. The Council of the European Union adopted its general approach on the proposed Regulation on 2 June 2022. The plenary of the European Parliament endorsed its negotiating position on 19 October. An informal agreement between the co-legislators on a compromise text for this file was reached on 28 March 2023. This was formally endorsed by the Parliament on 11 July and by the Council on 25 July. The Act was signed by the co-legislators on 13 September 2023 and published in the Official Journal on 22 September 2023.
|Subject Categories||Energy, Environment, Mobility and Transport|
|Subject Tags||Renewable Energy, Road Transport, Transport Infrastructure|
|Keywords||Electricity Grids | Network, Greenhouse Gas | GHG Emissions, Hydrogen
|International Organisations||European Union [EU]|