Regulation (EU) 2023/1805 on the use of renewable and low-carbon fuels in maritime transport, and amending Directive 2009/16/EC

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Series Details L 234, Pages 48-100
Publication Date 22/09/2023
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Regulation (EU) 2023/1805 - adopted by the co-legislators on 13 September 2023 - concerning the use of renewable and low-carbon fuels in maritime transport. It is also known as the FuelEU Maritime initiative. This is a text with EEA relevance.

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This Regulation lays down uniform rules imposing a limit on the greenhouse gas (GHG) intensity of energy used on board by a ship arriving at, staying within or departing from ports under the jurisdiction of a Member State of the European Union (EU). It also establishes an obligation to use on-shore power supply or zero-emission technology in those same ports. The objective is to increase consistent use of renewable and low-carbon fuels and substitute sources of energy in maritime transport across the EU, while ensuring its smooth operation. This Act also amends Directive 2009/16/EC on port State control.

This piece of legislation is aligned with objectives established by the European Commission on reducing GHG emissions by at least 55% by 2030 and achieve climate neutrality by 2050. For this to be achieved, all transport modes must contribute to a sharp reduction in transport emissions. International maritime transport requires using both less energy and cleaner types of energy.

The draft law was adopted by the European Commission on 14 July 2021, as part of the so-called Fit for 55 legislative package. The Council of the European Union adopted its general approach to the proposed Regulation on 2 June 2022. The plenary of the European Parliament endorsed a negotiating position on 19 October. An informal agreement between the co-legislators on a compromise text for this file was reached on 23 March 2023. This was formally endorsed by Parliament on 11 July and by the Council on 25 July. The Act was signed by the co-legislators on 13 September 2023 and published in the Official Journal on 22 September 2023.

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Commentary and Analysis
Transport&Environment: Press Release, 14/07/2021: EU push to green shipping is positive but risks locking in fossil gas
ETF Europe: News, 15/07/2021: Occupational health and safety: FuelEU Maritime lacks long-term vision
Norton Rose Fulbright: Insights, October 2021: EU Green Deal and Maritime Fuel
Transport&Environment (T&E), February 2022: FuelEU Maritime: T&E Analysis and Recommendations. How to drive the uptake of sustainable fuels in European shipping
Open Access Government: 07/04/2022: What is the FuelEU Maritime Regulation?
European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS): At a Glance, 12/10/2022: FuelEU Maritime – Sustainable maritime fuels
EurActiv: Opinion, 17/10/2022: FuelEU Maritime deal lets shipping off the hook
European Sea Ports Organisation (ESPO): Press Release, 20/10/2022: Europe's Ports see Fit for 55 vote on AFIR and FuelEU Maritime as an important step forward in reaching a solid compromise with Council
World Shipping Council: Position Paper, 26/10/2022: FuelEU Maritime Regulation – the WSC Perspective
Hydrogen Europe: HE signs joint FuelEU Maritime letter (19 January 2023)
European Community Shipowners' Associations (ECSA): News, 15/02/2023: ECSA statement on FuelEU Maritime negotiations
European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS): Briefing, 17/03/2023: Sustainable maritime fuels - 'Fit for 55' package: the FuelEU Maritime proposal
Swansea University: IISTL Blog, 24/03/2023: EU Parliament and Council reach agreement on FuelEU Maritime Regulation
Transport&Environment (T&E): Press Release, 23/03/2023: EU agrees to the world’s first green shipping fuel requirement
Renew Europe EP Group: Newsroom, 23/03/2023: Fuel EU Maritime: Balanced deal increases climate ambitions and safeguards EU competitiveness to kick-start maritime decarbonisation
Dublin City University (DCU): Brexit Institute: News, 30/03/2023: FuelEU Maritime Regulation — A Step Ahead for the Decarbonization of Maritime Transport
Norton Rose Fulbright: Publications, July 2023: New regulation on the FuelEU Initiative adopted by the European Council following scrutiny
Transport & Environment: Report, 18/07/2023: The impact of FuelEU Maritime on European shipping

EurActiv, 20/10/2022: Parliament backs EU’s maritime fuel law to curtail shipping emissions

EUR-LEX: COM(2021)562: Proposal for a Regulation on the use of renewable and low-carbon fuels in maritime transport
EUR-LEX: SWD(2021)635: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Impact Assessment
EUR-LEX: SWD(2021)636: Staff Working Document accompanying the Proposal - Executive Summary of the Impact Assessment
European Parliament: Legislative Observatory: Procedure File for Proposal on Sustainable maritime fuels (FuelEU Maritime Initiative) (2021/0210(COD))
European Parliament: Legislative Train Schedule: Fuel EU Maritime - Sustainable maritime fuels
European Commission: Reducing emissions from the shipping sector
European Commission: Press Release, 14/07/2021: European Green Deal: Commission proposes transformation of EU economy and society to meet climate ambitions
European Commission: Questions and Answers - Sustainable transport, infrastructure and fuels (14 July 2021)
EPP EP Group: Newsroom, 19/10/2022: Decarbonise maritime transport while remaining competitive
European Commission: Press Release, 23/03/2023: European Green Deal: Agreement reached on cutting maritime transport emissions by promoting sustainable fuels for shipping
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 23/03/2023: FuelEU Maritime initiative: Provisional agreement to decarbonise the maritime sector
European Parliament: Press Release, 23/03/2023: Fit for 55: deal on new EU rules for cleaner maritime fuels
European Parliament: Press Release, 11/07/2023: MEPs adopt new rules for more charging stations and greener maritime fuels
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 25/07/2023: FuelEU maritime initiative: Council adopts new law to decarbonise the maritime sector
Irish Government: Press Release, 28/07/2023: Agreement Reached on Key European Climate Laws for Alternative Fuels Infrastructure and Greener Maritime Fuels

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