[Referendum in Catalonia, 1 October 2017]: A day of celebration or violence? Catalonia prepares for reckoning

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Series Details 30.09.17
Publication Date 30/09/2017
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Tensions rose between the Spanish and Catalan authorities during September 2017 as the time for the planned Catalan independence referendum on the 1 October 2017 approached.

Information sources in this ESO record highlight the situation in the immediate days leading up to the referendum and the day of the referendum itself. There is a separate ESO record covering the results and subsequent analysis.

Raül Romeva, a member of the Catalan government in charge of foreign relations, said on the 28 September 2017 that Catalonia would proclaim independence within 48 hours if the ‘yes’ camp won in the referendum, but was open to proposals from the government from Madrid.

A final pro-separatist rally took place in Barcelona on the 29 September 2017 attended by tens of thousands. A smaller rally of opponents, organised by Ciudadanos, also took place.

The Catalan government insisted the referendum would take place, although the Spanish Constitutional Court had declared the referendum illegal.

Thousands of extra police were drafted in from across Spain as the Spanish government sought to stop the ballot from taking place.

The police officers were dispatched on the 30 September 2017 to evacuate buildings, often schools, planned to be polling stations in an attempt to stop the referendum from taking place with an ultimatum for the buildings to be empty and closed by 6am on the day of the referendum. However, police were warned not to use violence.

A anti-referendum protest of about 10,000 people took place in Madrid on the 30 September 2017. Other protests took place in other Spanish cities.

National Police and Civil Guard riot squads entered several polling stations in Barcelona and across Catalonia on the 1 October 2017 to prevent polling from taking place. Some violent incidents and scuffles took place. However, Catalan spokespersons said that over 70% of polling stations were open. Catalan emergency officials said 761 people had been injured.

The EU Institutions attempted to keep a distance from the tensions claiming that the issue was a national matter for Spain, although formally stressing the national integrity and legitimacy of Spain.

Source Link https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/sep/30/day-celebration-or-violence-catalonia-independence-referendum
Related Links
ESO: Key Source: Catalan independence referendum, 2017 http://www.europeansources.info/record/catalan-independence-referendum-2017/
ESO: Find further information in ESO on this topic http://www.europeansources.info/advSearchLink?keyword=spain%20catalonia%20referendum%20independence%202017&searchOption=all
EurActiv, 29.09.17: [Opinion]: Spain’s constitutional court: Power beyond legal practice http://www.euractiv.com/section/elections/opinion/spains-constitutional-court-power-beyond-legal-practice/
EurActiv, 28.09.17: Only talks would stop independence if ‘yes’ wins in referendum, says Catalan official http://www.euractiv.com/section/future-eu/news/only-talks-would-stop-independence-if-yes-wins-in-referendum-says-catalan-official/
Politico, 29.09.17: [Opinion]: Catalans don’t want to secede, they want to be heard http://www.politico.eu/article/catalonia-referendum-independence-want-to-vote-not-secede/
Politico, 29-30.09.17: Catalan referendum stokes fears of Russian influence http://www.politico.eu/article/russia-catalonia-referendum-fake-news-misinformation/
Deutsche Welle, 29.09.17: Catalonia referendum finds allies in the heart of Madrid http://p.dw.com/p/2kwrL
BBC News, 30.09.17: Catalonia referendum: Thousands turn out for closing rally http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-41449762
EUObserver, 30.09.17: Spain and Catalonia in referendum showdown https://euobserver.com/beyond-brussels/139223
El País, 29.09.17: Catalan government promises 2,315 voting stations and 7,235 volunteers https://elpais.com/elpais/2017/09/29/inenglish/1506696263_343028.html
El País, 29.09.17: Reporters Without Borders warns of harassment of journalists in Catalonia https://elpais.com/elpais/2017/09/29/inenglish/1506697968_724967.html
Catalan News, 29.09.17: Final night of referendum campaign http://www.catalannews.com/politics/item/final-night-of-referendum-campaign
Catalan News, 29.09.17: Spain’s Data Protection Agency warns polling supervisors of fines of up to €300,000 http://www.catalannews.com/politics/item/spain-s-data-protection-agency-warns-polling-supervisors-of-fines-of-up-to-300000
ECFR: Commentary, 29.09.17: Spanish democracy faces its biggest challenge in decades http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_spanish_democracy_faces_its_biggest_challenge_in_decades_7233
The Guardian, 30.09.17: Police close voting centres before Catalan referendum https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/sep/30/police-close-more-than-half-of-voting-centres-ahead-of-catalan-referendum
El País, 30.09.17: Thousands take to streets of Madrid to protest Catalan independence vote https://elpais.com/elpais/2017/09/30/inenglish/1506785995_823125.html
El País, 30.09.17: [Editorial]: Why citizens should not go out to vote in Catalonia on Sunday https://elpais.com/elpais/2017/09/30/inenglish/1506764503_517988.html?rel=cx_articulo#cxrecs_s
Catalan News, 30.09.17: Catalan government sends a report to all chancelleries to inform on October 1 referendum http://www.catalannews.com/politics/item/catalan-government-sends-a-report-to-all-chancelleries-to-inform-on-october-1-referendum
The Local.es, 29.09.17: Spain heads for showdown over Catalan independence referendum https://www.thelocal.es/20170929/spain-heads-for-showdown
Euro|Topics: Debates, September 2017: Is democracy under threat in Catalonia? / Is a peaceful vote possible in Catalonia? http://www.eurotopics.net/en/186490/is-a-peaceful-vote-possible-in-catalonia
Deutsche Welle 30.09.17: [Opinion]: Spain versus Catalonia – An epidemic of insanity http://p.dw.com/p/2l1v5
Politico, 01.10.17: Catalan voters arrive at polls early to beat independence vote ban http://www.politico.eu/article/catalan-voters-arrive-at-polls-early-to-beat-independence-vote-ban/
El País, 01.10.17: Independence referendum in Catalonia, latest live news https://elpais.com/elpais/2017/09/29/inenglish/1506680598_177837.html
Catalan News, 01.10.17: Spanish riot police confronting citizens at polling stations http://www.catalannews.com/politics/item/spanish-riot-police-confronting-citizens-at-polling-stations
The Guardian, 01.10.17: All eyes on Catalonia as referendum day arrives https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/oct/01/all-eyes-on-catalonia-as-referendum-day-arrives
BBC News, 01.10.17: Catalan referendum: 'Hundreds hurt' as police try to stop voters http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-41461032
El País, 01.10.17: Does this referendum comply with basic voting regulations? https://elpais.com/elpais/2017/10/01/inenglish/1506858911_482600.html
Catalan News, 01.10.17: Spanish government under fire for referendum violence http://www.catalannews.com/politics/item/spanish-government-under-fire-for-referendum-violence

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