Regulation (EU) 2019/2144 on type-approval requirements for motor vehicles and their trailers, and systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles, as regards their general safety and the protection of vehicle occupants and vulnerable road users

Author (Corporate)
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Series Details L 325, Pages 1-40
Publication Date 16/12/2019
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Summary:

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144 - adopted by the European Union on 27 November 2019 - on type-approval requirements for motor vehicles and their trailers, as regards their general safety and the protection of vehicle occupants and vulnerable road users. Text with EEA relevance.

Further information:

This Regulation applies to vehicles of categories M, N and O - as defined in Article 4 of Regulation (EU) 2018/858 - and to systems, components and separate technical units designed and constructed for such vehicles. The legislation establishes requirements:

  • for the type-approval of vehicles, and of systems, components and separate technical units designed and constructed for vehicles, with regard to their general characteristics and safety, and to the protection and safety of vehicle occupants and vulnerable road users;
  • for the type-approval of vehicles, in respect of tyre pressure monitoring systems, with regard to their safety, fuel efficiency and CO2 emissions;
  • for the type-approval of newly-manufactured tyres with regard to their safety and environmental performance.

This Regulation amends Regulation (EU) 2018/858, and repeals Regulations (EC) No 78/2009, (EC) No 79/2009 and (EC) No 661/2009, Commission Regulations (EC) No 631/2009, (EU) No 406/2010, (EU) No 672/2010, (EU) No 1003/2010, (EU) No 1005/2010, (EU) No 1008/2010, (EU) No 1009/2010, (EU) No 19/2011, (EU) No 109/2011, (EU) No 458/2011, (EU) No 65/2012, (EU) No 130/2012, (EU) No 347/2012, (EU) No 351/2012, (EU) No 1230/2012 and (EU) 2015/166.

The proposal for a revision of the so-called General Safety Regulation was adopted by the European Commission on 17 May 2018, as part of its Third Mobility Package (also known as 'Europe on the Move' package). It aimed to address the persistent high number of road accidents that in turn leads to a high number of fatalities and severe injuries, and provided measures to increase safety at vehicle level. The draft law included provisions for all motor vehicles to be equipped with accurate tyre pressure monitoring systems and safety features; for all passenger cars and light commercial vehicles to be equipped with advanced emergency braking systems, a lane keeping system, event (accident) data recorder, and an enlarged head impact protection zone; for all buses and trucks to be equipped with a lane departure warning system and an advanced emergency braking system, an advanced system capable of warning the driver if it detects pedestrians and cyclists close to the vehicle.

The Council of the European Union adopted its general approach on 29 November 2018. The European Parliament's relevant committee adopted the decision to open trilogue negotiations on 21 February 2019 and the negotiating position was brought to the plenary session on 4 March. An informal agreement on a compromise text was reached by the co-legislators on 26 March. The Parliament's plenary session endorsed it on 16 April, followed by the Council on 8 November. The Act was signed on 27 November and published in the Official Journal on 16 December 2019.

Source Link http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2019/2144/oj
Related Link(s)
Commentary and Analysis
EPRS: Briefing, September 2018: Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_BRI(2018)621856
ETSC: Press Release, 26/03/2019: ETSC welcomes provisional deal on new vehicle safety standards https://etsc.eu/etsc-welcomes-provisional-deal-on-new-vehicle-safety-standards/
EPRS: Briefing, April 2019: General safety of vehicles and protection of vulnerable road users http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_BRI(2018)625192

News
Autocar, 26/03/2019: Speed limiters, driver monitors to become mandatory in EU https://www.autocar.co.uk/car-news/industry/speed-limiters-driver-monitors-become-mandatory-eu
BBC News, 27/03/2019: Road safety: UK set to adopt vehicle speed limiters https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-47715415
The Guardian, 27/03/2019: All new UK cars to have speed limiters by 2022 under EU plans https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/mar/27/all-new-uk-cars-to-have-speed-limiters-by-2022-under-eu-plans
RTÉ News, 27/03/2019: New cars to be fitted with speed-limiting technology under EU rules https://www.rte.ie/news/europe/2019/0327/1038884-eu-speed-cars/

Official
EUR-Lex: COM(2018)286: Proposal for a Regulation on type-approval requirements for motor vehicles and their trailers, and systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles, as regards their general safety and the protection of vehicle occupants and vulnerable road users, amending Regulation (EU) 2018/… and repealing Regulations (EC) No 78/2009, (EC) No 79/2009 and (EC) No 661/2009 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/HIS/?uri=COM:2018:286:FIN
EUR-Lex: SWD(2018)190: Impact assessment https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=SWD:2018:190:FIN
EUR-Lex: SWD(2018)191: Executive summary of the impact assessment https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=SWD:2018:191:FIN
European Parliament: Legislative Observatory: Procedure File for Proposal on type-approval requirements for motor vehicles and their trailers, and systems, components and separate technical units: general safety and the protection of vehicle occupants and vulnerable road users https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/ficheprocedure.do?lang=&reference=2018/0145(COD)
European Parliament: Legislative Train: Regulation on type-approval for motor vehicles as regards their general safety and the protection of vehicle occupants and vulnerable road users http://www.europarl.europa.eu/legislative-train/theme-resilient-energy-union-with-a-climate-change-policy/file-type-approval-for-motor-vehicles-as-regards-their-general-safety
European Commission: Press Release, 26/03/2019: Road safety: Commission welcomes agreement on new EU rules to help save lives http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-19-1793_en.htm
European Parliament: Press Release, 26/03/2019: Safer roads: EU lawmakers agree on life-saving technologies for new vehicles http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20190326IPR33205/
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 29/03/2019: EU beefs up requirements for car safety https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2019/03/29/eu-beefs-up-requirements-for-car-safety/
European Parliament: Press Release, 17/04/2019: Parliament approves EU rules requiring life-saving technologies in vehicles http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20190410IPR37528/
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 08/11/2019: Safer cars in the EU https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2019/11/08/safer-cars-in-the-eu/

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