Regulation (EU) 2018/858 on the approval and market surveillance of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles

Author (Corporate) ,
Series Title
Series Details L 151, Pages 1-218
Publication Date 14/06/2018
Content Type

Summary:

Regulation (EU) 2018/858 - adopted by the co-legislators of the European Union on 30 May 2018 - setting out EU-wide rules on technical requirements and procedures to ensure that new types of motor vehicles and their trailers conform to EU-approved requirements on safety and environmental protection. This is a text with EEA relevance.

Further information:

This Regulation revises the legal framework for the type-approval of motor vehicles and their trailer by amending Directive 2007/46/EC (also known as the Framework Directive). It also amends Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 and Regulation (EC) No 595/2009. It aims to raise the quality level and independence of vehicle type approval and testing, increase checks of cars that are already on the EU market and strengthen the overall system with EU oversight.

The proposal for this Regulation was tabled by the European Commission on 27 January 2016 in the context of its Europe on the Move strategy and following an REFIT assessment in 2013. This evaluation confirmed that the existing legal framework was appropriate for achieving the main goals of harmonisation, effective operation of the internal market and fair competition. However, it also acknowledged that differences in interpretation and strictness in application of the requirements across Member States were reducing the effectiveness of the framework. Later, the legal framework came under criticism after the Dieselgate scandal involving the German manufacturer Volkswagen (VW).

The European Parliament adopted its negotiating position concerning the Commission's proposal in April 2017, followed by the Council of the European Union in May 2017. Following trilogue negotiations launched in September, an informal agreement between the co-legislators on a compromise text was reached in December 2017. The revised proposal was formally endorsed by the Parliament in April 2018 and by the Council in May 2018. The co-legislators signed the Act on 30 May 2018, which was published in the Official Journal on 14 June 2018. The revised rules entered into force on 1 September 2020.

Source Link http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2018/858/oj
Related Link(s)
Commentary and Analysis
European Parliament: Legislative Train Schedule: Regulation on the Approval and Market Surveillance of Motor Vehicles https://www.europarl.europa.eu/legislative-train/theme-internal-market-and-consumer-protection/file-jd-regulation-on-the-approval-and-market-surveillance-of-motor-vehicles
Politico, 27/01/2016: 3 takeaways on the EU’s car emissions overhaul http://www.politico.eu/article/3-takeways-on-the-eu-car-emissions-overhaul-energy-emissions/
EPRS: Briefing, February 2016: Motor vehicles: New approval and market surveillance rules https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_BRI(2016)577978
EPRS: Briefing, April 2016: Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_BRI(2016)481375
Transport&Environment: Briefing, April 2016: Type approval reform: a once-in-a-decade opportunity to improve Europe’s failing testing system https://www.transportenvironment.org/sites/te/files/publications/2016_05_TAFR_briefing_FINAL.PDF
ACEA: Position Paper, April 2016: Approval and Market Surveillance of Motor Vehicles and Their Trailers https://www.acea.be/uploads/publications/ACEA_Position_Paper_Type_Approval.pdf
BEUC: Position Paper, May 2016: Urgent Need for Better Oversight of Cars – A consumer view on the Commission proposal on type approval and market surveillance https://www.beuc.eu/publications/beuc-x-2016-052_smacca_beuc_typeapproval_marketsurveillance_positionpaper_final.pdf
EPRS: Briefing, September 2016: Motor vehicles: new approval and market surveillance rules https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_BRI(2016)589796
EPRS: Briefing, November 2016: Motor vehicles: new approval and market surveillance rules https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_BRI(2016)593512
EUObserver, 25/11/2016: Why doesn't the EU have a road transport agency? https://euobserver.com/dieselgate/136011
EPRS: At a Glance, March 2017: Motor vehicles: Approval and market surveillance https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_ATA(2017)599371
EPRS: At a Glance, April 2018: Approval and market surveillance of vehicles https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_ATA(2018)620203
EPRS: Briefing, July 2018: Motor vehicles: new approval and market surveillance rules https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_BRI(2017)599372

News
Reuters, 29/09/2015: EU regulators work on reform of car approval system https://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKKCN0RT0ST20150929
EUObserver, 06/11/2015: Brussels wants oversight on national car approvals https://euobserver.com/economic/130996
BBC News, 27/01/2016: EU plans new rules for emission tests following VW scandal https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-35420453
EurActiv, 27/01/2016: Commission wants new powers to police car industry after VW scandal https://www.euractiv.com/section/transport/news/commission-wants-new-powers-to-police-car-industry-after-vw-scandal/
Politico, 27/01/2016: Germany’s weak hand in car emissions dispute https://www.politico.eu/article/volkswagen-emissions-commission-read-driving-tests-germany-italy-france-katainen/
EUObserver, 27/01/2016: EU seeks more control on national car tests https://euobserver.com/economic/132021
Euronews, 27/01/2016: EU seeks greater powers to police car industry after VW row https://www.euronews.com/2016/01/27/eu-seeks-greater-powers-to-police-car-industry-after-vw-row
Deutsche Welle, 27/01/2016: EU clamps down on carmakers after VW scandal https://p.dw.com/p/1Hkjt
EurActiv, 24/02/2016: Commission car emissions testing won’t have muscle like US watchdog https://www.euractiv.com/section/transport/news/commission-car-emissions-testing-wont-have-muscle-like-us-watchdog/
EUObserver, 29/09/2016: MEPs reject 'status quo' on car certification https://euobserver.com/dieselgate/135299
EurActiv, 09/02/2017: MEPs agree to muscle up Commission after Dieselgate, reject EU road agency https://www.euractiv.com/section/transport/news/internal-market-meps-approve-rules-to-muscle-up-commission-after-dieselgate-reject-calls-for-eu-road-agency/
EUObserver, 09/02/2017: Dieselgate: MEPs want to give EU more testing powers https://euobserver.com/dieselgate/136854
EUObserver, 04/04/2017: MEPs oppose EU agency to prevent Dieselgate II https://euobserver.com/dieselgate/137493
EurActiv, 04/04/2017: MEPs reject EU road agency in vote for new post-Dieselgate car approval rules https://www.euractiv.com/section/transport/news/meps-reject-eu-road-agency-in-vote-for-new-post-dieselgate-car-approval-rules/
EurActiv, 26/04/2017: Germany opposes key EU car emission test reforms https://www.euractiv.com/section/economy-jobs/news/germany-opposes-key-eu-car-emission-test-reforms/
Reuters, 07/12/2017: EU gains powers to check up on new car approvals https://www.reuters.com/article/idUSKBN1E11UG
EUObserver, 07/12/2017: Political deal done on EU oversight of car emissions https://euobserver.com/environment/140199
Politico, 31/08/2020: New EU car rules aim to stop Dieselgate 2 https://www.politico.eu/article/new-eu-car-rules-aim-to-stop-dieselgate-2/
Reuters, 31/08/2020: EU gains power to recall vehicles for flouting emissions rules https://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKKBN25R2AG
EurActiv, 01/09/2020: Greater EU powers to catch and fine emissions cheats kick in https://www.euractiv.com/section/transport/news/greater-eu-powers-to-catch-and-fine-emissions-cheats-kick-in/

Official
EUR-Lex: COM(2016)31: Proposal for a Regulation on the approval and market surveillance of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=COM:2016:031:FIN
EUR-Lex: SWD(2016)9: Impact assessment http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=SWD:2016:009:FIN
EUR-Lex: SWD(2016)10: Executive summary of the impact assessment http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=SWD:2016:010:FIN
European Parliament: Legislative Observatory: Procedure File for Proposal on Approval and market surveillance of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/ficheprocedure.do?lang=en&reference=2016/0014(COD)
General Secretariat of the Council: Policies: Approval and market surveillance for cars https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/policies/type-approval-for-cars/
European Commission: Press Release, 27/01/2016: European Commission tightens rules for safer and cleaner cars https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/IP_16_167
European Commission: Memo, 27/01/2016: Car industry: European Commission tightens rules for safer and cleaner cars https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/MEMO_16_168
European Parliament: Press Release, 28/09/2016: Cleaner cars: Internal Market MEPs debate changes to type-approval rules https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20160928IPR44346/
European Parliament: Headlines, 09/02/2017: Emissions scandal: “The key is to make the rules as robust as possible” https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/headlines/economy/20170206STO61357/
European Parliament: Press Release, 09/02/2017: MEPs overhaul EU rules on car approvals to prevent further emissions scandals https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20170207IPR61564/
European Parliament: Press Release, 04/04/2017: Car emissions: MEPs urge EU Commission and member states to clean up their act https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20170329IPR69052/
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 29/05/2017: Car emission controls: Council agrees to reform type-approval and market surveillance system https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2017/05/29/car-emission-controls-reform-type-approval-and-market-surveillance-system/
Council of the European Union: Press Release, 07/12/2017: Car emission controls: Council presidency and Parliament reach provisional deal on reform of type-approval and market surveillance system https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2017/12/07/car-emission-controls-council-presidency-and-parliament-agree-on-reform-of-type-approval-and-market-surveillance-system/
European Commission: Press Release, 07/12/2017: Agreement on Commission proposal to tighten rules for safer and cleaner cars https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/IP_17_5131
European Commission: Press Release, 31/08/2020: Car industry: New rules on cleaner and safer cars start to apply across Europe https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1530
European Commission: Questions & Answers, 31/08/2020: New EU type-approval rules for safer and cleaner cars https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/qanda_20_1534

Subject Categories ,
Subject Tags ,
International Organisations