Special meeting of the European Council, 30-31 May 2022

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Publication Date May 2022
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EU National leaders were summoned for a special European Council summit on 30-31 May 2022. Conclusions were adopted on Ukraine, food security, security and defence and energy. On the first day the participants were joined by Ukraine's President, whereas on the second day they were joined by the Chairperson of the African Union (AU).

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Leaders discussed Russia's invasion of Ukraine and urged Russia to immediately stop its attacks against civilians and civilian infrastructure, and to withdraw from the entire territory of Ukraine within its internationally recognised borders. Leaders also stressed that international humanitarian law should be fully respect. The European Council commended those helping to gather evidence to investigate war crimes, and expressed support to the work of the ICC Prosecutor and of Ukraine's Prosecutor General. The establishment of a joint investigation team coordinated by Eurojust was welcomed.

There was also an agreement that the sixth package of sanctions against Russia cover crude oil, as well as petroleum products, delivered from Russia to EU Member States. A temporary exception for crude oil delivered by pipeline was included in the agreement. In case of sudden interruptions of supply, emergency measures are to be introduced to ensure security of supply.

EU's support to Ukraine's overall economic, social and financial resilience was also highlighted, as well as the military support provided via European Peace Facility (EPF). EU leaders took note of the preparation of the European Commission’s opinions on the application for EU Membership of Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia.

The European Council condemned the destruction and appropriation of Russia of agricultural production in Ukraine. Member States were invited to accelerate work on the solidarity lanes proposed by the European Commission. EU leaders also called for effective international coordination to ensure a comprehensive global response to food security challenges. The Commission was invited to explore the possibility of mobilising reserves from the European Development Fund (EDF) to support the most affect partner countries.

There was a discussion on EU security and defence in the wake of Russia's invasion of Ukraine. EU leaders recalled the Versailles Declaration and the European Council conclusions from March 2022. They also stressed the importance of implementing the Strategic Compass, and underlines that the transatlantic relationship and EU-NATO cooperation are key to the EU's security. Leaders reviewed an analysis on defence investment gaps.

The European Council reviewed progress on the phasing out of Russian gas, oil and coal imports. EU leaders called for further diversification of supply sources and routes, and energy supply at affordable prices; accelerating the deployment of renewables; further improving energy efficiency; completing and improving interconnection of European gas and electricity networks.

Leaders called for greater EU preparedness for possible major supply disruptions, in particular through bilateral solidarity agreement and a coordinated European contingency plan.

The outcome of this special European Council meeting was discussed by the plenary of the European Parliament on 8 June 2022.

Source Link https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/meetings/european-council/2022/05/30-31/
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Commentary and Analysis
Politico: Live Blog: As it happened: European Council summit https://www.politico.eu/article/blog-european-council-summit-macron-von-der-leyen-michel-ukraine-war-russia-putin-zelenskyy/
EPRS: At a Glance, May 2022: Outlook for the special European Council meeting of 30-31 May 2022 https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document/EPRS_ATA(2022)730321
EurActiv: Opinion, 30/05/2022: It’s time for Paris-Berlin-Warsaw leadership on the war in Ukraine https://www.euractiv.com/section/europe-s-east/opinion/its-time-for-paris-berlin-warsaw-leadership-on-the-war-in-ukraine/
Politico, 31/05/2022: Don’t expect the EU to ban Russian gas any time soon https://www.politico.eu/article/eu-ban-sanctions-russian-gas-oil-orban-ukraine-war/
Politico, 31/05/2022: 6 things to know about the EU’s Russian oil ban https://www.politico.eu/article/6-things-know-eu-russia-oil-ban/
Politico, 31/05/2022: After Orbán pipes up, Hungary skips Russian oil ban https://www.politico.eu/article/orban-hungary-eu-oil-ban-exempt-euco/
EPRS: Briefing, June 2022: Outcome of the special European Council meeting of 30-31 May 2022 https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document/EPRS_BRI(2022)730222

Politico, 27/05/2022: Zelenskyy invited to EU leaders’ summit amid sanctions spat https://www.politico.eu/article/ukraine-zelenskyy-join-eu-leader-summit-sanction-spat-charles-michel/
EurActiv, 30/05/2022: EU leaders to consider ‘all available ways’ to bypass Russian food export blockade https://www.euractiv.com/section/agriculture-food/news/eu-leaders-to-consider-all-available-ways-to-bypass-russian-food-export-blockade/
Euronews, 30/05/2022: EU leaders hash out deal over Russian oil ban at special Brussels summit https://www.euronews.com/my-europe/2022/05/30/live-food-security-and-energy-on-agenda-of-eu-leaders-summit
Bloomberg, 30/05/2022: EU Leaders Back Push to Ban Most Russia Oil Over Putin’s War https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-05-30/eu-leaders-back-push-to-ban-some-russian-oil-over-putin-s-war
EurActiv, 30/05/2022: EU leaders back partial ban on Russian oil imports into the bloc https://www.euractiv.com/section/europe-s-east/news/eu-leaders-back-partial-russian-oil-ban/
The Guardian, 31/05/2022: EU leaders agree to partial embargo of Russian oil imports https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/may/30/eu-nears-compromise-agreement-for-partial-ban-on-russian-oil
Politico, 31/05/2022: Don’t fall for Russian lies on food crisis, EU warns Africa https://www.politico.eu/article/europe-warns-africa-against-russias-food-crisis-propaganda/
Reuters, 31/05/2022: EU leaders agree "in principle" on Russia oil embargo - von der Leyen https://www.reuters.com/world/europe/eu-leaders-agree-principle-russia-oil-embargo-von-der-leyen-2022-05-30/
BBC News, 31/05/2022: Russian oil: EU agrees compromise deal on banning imports https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-61638860
Politico, 31/05/2022: EU leaders agree on Russian oil embargo https://www.politico.eu/article/eu-leaders-agree-on-russian-oil-embargo/
Associated Press, 31/05/2022: EU leaders agree to ban 90% of Russian oil by year-end https://apnews.com/article/russia-ukraine-zelenskyy-hungary-european-union-d0d4144c84749f84676a2f41b03b2ad4
The Guardian, 31/05/2022: Africa warns of food crisis due to Russian blockade of Ukraine’s ports https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/may/31/africa-warns-of-food-crisis-due-to-russian-blockade-of-ukraines-ports

European Council: Press Release, 27/05/2022: Invitation letter by President Charles Michel to the members of the European Council ahead of their special meeting on 30 and 31 May 2022 https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2022/05/27/invitation-letter-by-president-charles-michel-to-the-members-of-the-european-council-ahead-of-their-special-meeting-on-30-and-31-may-2022/
European Council: Remarks by President Charles Michel before the special meeting of the European Council of 30 May 2022 https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2022/05/30/remarks-by-president-charles-michel-before-the-special-meeting-of-the-european-council-of-30-may-2022/
European Council: Remarks by President Charles Michel after the first day of the special meeting of the European Council https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2022/05/31/remarks-by-president-charles-michel-following-the-first-day-of-the-special-meeting-of-the-european-council-30-may-2022/
European Commission: Opening remarks by President von der Leyen at the joint press conference with President Michel following the special meeting of the European Council of 30 May 2022 https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/statement_22_3382
European Council conclusions, 30-31 May 2022 https://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/56562/2022-05-30-31-euco-conclusions.pdf
European Council: Remarks by President Charles Michel at the final press conference of the special meeting of the European Council on 30 and 31 May 2022 https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2022/05/31/remarks-by-president-charles-michel-at-the-final-press-conference-of-the-special-meeting-of-the-european-council-on-30-and-31-may-2022/
European Commission: Opening remarks by President von der Leyen at the joint press conference with President Michel following the special meeting of the European Council of 31 May 2022 https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/statement_22_3391
European Parliament: Press Release, 08/06/2022: EU summit: MEPs welcome further sanctions against Russia https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20220603IPR32123/
European Commission: Speech by President von der Leyen at the European Parliament Plenary on the conclusions of the special European Council meeting of 30-31 May 2022 (8 June 2022) https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/speech_22_3529

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