Study of the Effects of Globalization on the Economic Viability of EU Forestry

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Publication Date 2007
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Globalization is not a purely contemporary phenomenon. According to Chanda (2007) it has ‘worked silently for millennia without being given a name.’ Indeed, globalization processes are continuously evolving, driven by the economic aspirations of millions around the globe— the more people involved, the faster the globalization is.

This study’s goal is to analyze the effects of globalization—defined as the integration of economic activities, primarily via markets—on the economic viability and global competitiveness of the European Union (EU) forest sector, in particular forestry. It covers the entire EU, including the accession and the western Balkans countries, from the present to 2030. It also includes a (limited) review of cultural, social, and political globalization.

For consistency, a coherent analytical framework concept was used throughout the study. The study consists of a literature review, an appraisal of the main globalization factors and related indicators, and analytical work using formalized computer models developed by IIASA. One of the study’s objectives was to identify commonalities and differences in the current status and development of forestry in different European regions.

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