The CARD on the EU defence table

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Series Details No.10, April 2017
Publication Date 26/04/2017
ISSN 2315-1129
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Further information
In Council Conclusions EU remains committed to strengthen security and defence adopted on the 18 May 2017 the following paragraph was included concerning CARD:

'the possibility of a voluntary coordinated annual review on defence (CARD), which would be a process aimed at offering a better overview at EU level of defence spending, national investment and defence research efforts. This would support member states in delivering capabilities to tackle existing and future strategic trends and challenges, and actively promote enhance defence cooperation among member states'In the 14 November 2016 Council conclusions, member states recognised that there was a need to ‘deepen defence cooperation and ensure more optimal use, including coherence, of defence spending plans’. Although the European Defence Agency (EDA) has been working towards these objectives since 2004, a more ‘structured way to deliver identified capabilities based on greater transparency, political visibility and commitment from Member States’ was still required.

If the EU Global Strategy (EUGS) called for the ‘gradual synchronisation and mutual adaptation of national defence planning cycles and capability development practices’, the coordinated annual review on defence (‘CARD’) announced at the end of 2016 is the mechanism designed to meet these objectives.

The High Representative/Vice-President (HR/VP) was expected to deliver proposals for the CARD in June 2017, with a view to fully establishing the annual review by the end of the year. Accordingly, it was worth reflecting on whether and especially how CARD can change the way defence cooperation operates in Europe.

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EU: EEAS: Fact Sheet, December 2016: Implementation Plan on Security and Defence

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