|Author (Person)||Butler, Luke R. A., Trybus, Martin|
|Series Title||Common Market Law Review|
|Series Details||Vol.54, No.2, April 2017, p403–441|
|Publication Date||April 2017|
|Content Type||Journal | Series | Blog|
Whilst the Internal Market has been operational for decades, the free movement of defence products within the EU has been restricted by national licensing practices. Member States have treated “intra-EU” transfers as equivalent to third country exports. The Intra-Community Transfers Directive (ICT) introduced a harmonized transfer regime.
This article provides a first legal analysis and a case study of the challenges facing harmonization where an evolving Internal Market competence meets a diversity of national security and other interests. The ICT constitutes a significant first step towards reducing barriers to trade, but an ambivalent approach to minimum harmonization has impacted its effectiveness; legal reform is required to further this objective.
|Subject Categories||Culture, Education and Research, Internal Markets|
|Countries / Regions||Europe|