|European Commission: Secretariat General
|COM (2020) 609
Communication published by the European Commission on 23 September 2020, setting out a fresh strategy for the European Union (EU) to address challenges relating to migration and asylum.
The 2015 migration crisis revealed a number of shortcomings in the framework used by the European Union to manage a situation which affected different Member States in different ways. Since then, while some Member States face the challenge of external border management, others cope with large-scale arrivals by land or sea, or overpopulated reception centres, and other face high numbers of unauthorised movements of migrants.
The need for a new, durable European framework became visible. A revision of such framework became essential to manage the interdependence between Member States' policies and decisions and to offer a proper response to the opportunities and challenges in normal times, in situation of pressure and in crisis situations. The New Pact recognises that no Member States should shoulder a disproportionate responsibility and that all Member States should contribute to solidarity on a constant basis.
It provides a comprehensive approach, bringing together policy in the areas of migration, asylum, integration and border management. It recognises that the overall effectiveness depends on progress on all fronts. It aims to create faster, seamless migration processes and stronger governance of migration and border policies, supported by modern IT systems and more effective agencies. It aims to reduce unsafe and irregular routes and promote sustainable and safe legal pathways for those in need of protection. It reflects the reality that most migrants come to the EU through legal channels, which should be better matched to EU labour market needs. It is hoped it fosters trust in EU policies by closing the existing implementation gap. This common response also needs to include the EU's relationship with third countries.
The New Pact on Migration and Asylum was put forward alongside a package of legislative initiatives. This Communication also includes a roadmap to implement the strategy. This Pact was among the initiatives announced by the President of the European Commission in her Political Guidelines.
|Justice and Home Affairs
|Asylum | Refugees, Border Control | Management, Migration | Immigration
|European Union [EU]