|Spain: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the European Union and Cooperation, United Kingdom: Foreign and Commonwealth Office
The United Kingdom and Spain concluded on 29 November 2018 a set of Memoranda of Understanding on Gibraltar, supporting the related protocol which is featured on the EU-UK Withdrawal Agreement. A Concordat was also published stating the Protocol on Gibraltar would be implemented in accordance with the Constitution of Gibraltar.
In the context of the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union, bilateral negotiations were developed between the UK and Spain regarding the status of Gibraltar. The set of documents agreed by the two countries include:
Gibraltar voted overwhelmingly to remain in the European Union as a result of the referendum held on the United Kingdom's membership. The negotiating guidelines put forward by the European Council stated that any agreement between the EU and UK would only apply to Gibraltar following a bilateral agreement between the UK and Spain. As negotiations unfolded, there were concerns the Spanish government could use this veto power as a lever to obtain concessions over the sovereignty of the territory. An agreement on the post-Brexit status of Gibraltar was eventually reached on 25 November 2018, following a last-minute dispute.
|Politics and International Relations
|Brexit [After the Referendum], Gibraltar, Post-Brexit
|Countries / Regions
|Spain, United Kingdom