Spanish general election, 10 November 2019

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Publication Date 2019
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Reports, analyses and information related to the legislative election taking place in Spain on 10 November 2019.

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The snap parliamentary election was called following the dissolution of the Parliament, which was unable to endorse a candidate for Prime Minister following a previous election held in April 2019. In fact, this would be the fourth general election in the country in four years.

The issue relating to Catalonia's autonomy was again a dominant feature of the election campaign, as tension increased following a court decision on the leading figures of the pro-independence movement in the region. It was also notorious the public fatigue over the inability to secure a parliamentary majority and a stable government, which has led to successive elections. Polls ahead of the election suggested that the incumbent centre-left PSOE would once again secure a victory and yet far from a parliamentary majority, which led analysts to wonder whether the election would solve the deadlock. The same polls also suggested substantial gains for the far-right VOX party.

The electoral results largely confirmed the forecast - while the governing PSOE did win the election, it was unable to secure a majority nor retain the same amount of seats it enjoyed prior to the election. The far-right VOX was the party most benefiting from the election, more than doubling its previous result and becoming the third largest political force in Parliament. In contrast, the centre-right Ciudadanos collapsed and lost most of its parliamentary presence. As a result, its leader Albert Rivera resigned. The number of regionalist parties seating in Parliament increased considerably. Analysts suggested it had become even harder for any party to secure a stable government following this election.

Following this electoral results, centre-left PSOE engaged in talks with the UP and regionalist parties to make sure parliamentary endorsement could be granted to a new cabinet.

Related Link(s)
Commentary and Analysis
Wikipedia: November 2019 Spanish general election
IFES Election Guide: Election for Spanish Congress of Deputies
Poll of the Polls: Spain — November 2019 general election
Robert Schuman Foundation: Analysis, 22/10/2019: Fourth parliamentary elections in four years for the Spanish
Foreign Policy, 29/10/2019: Tough Talk on Catalonia Might Win an Election, but It Won’t Unite Spain
Euronews, 31/10/2019: Can Spain end political stalemate with fourth election in four years?
El Pais, 04/11/2019: November 10 general election: The campaign so far
Pew Research Center, 04/11/2019: 5 facts about public opinion in Spain as its election nears
Euro|topics, November 2019: Elections in Spain: are they worthwhile?
Politico, 06/11/2019: Divided Spain heads into another fraught election
LSE: EUROPP Blog, 08/11/2019: Explaining the surge of the far-right ahead of Spain’s election
The Local (Spain), 10/11/2019: What do the election results mean for Spain?
The Local (Spain), 10/11/2019: PROFILE: Vox leader Santiago Abascal
Euronews, 11/11/2019: Political stalemate and the rise of the right: what you need to know about the Spanish Election
Euronews, 11/11/2019: Vox: Who are Spain's far-right party and what do they stand for?
Euro|topics, November 2019: Elections in Spain bring no relief
Politico, 11/11/2019: Hard lessons from Spanish liberals’ electoral collapse
Elcano Blog, 12/11/2019: Spain: another democratic deadlock or a coalition government?
Euro|topics, November 2019: Why the Spaniards voted for Vox
Foreign Policy, 16/11/2019: The Left Will Govern Spain, but the Far-Right Is the Real Winner
The Local (Spain), 18/11/2019: Why the Spanish election result brings hope for Britons fearing Brexit

BBC News, 17/09/2019: Spain to hold fourth election in four years
El Pais, 07/10/2019: New election, new strategy: Spain’s center-right parties change their message
The Local (Spain), 29/10/2019: Spanish elections: Socialists set to win more seats but again fall short of majority
El Pais, 04/11/2019: Spain’s new election will not break deadlock, poll shows
Deutsche Welle, 03/11/2019: Spain: Far-right party Vox surges in polls ahead of election
Reuters, 04/11/2019: Spain's election candidates clash over Catalonia in TV debate
Reuters, 04/11/2019: Three polls point to a new stalemate in Spanish November 10 election
The Guardian, 06/11/2019: Spain's far-right Vox surges in wake of Catalan independence protests
El País, 06/11/2019: Thousands of police officers deployed in Catalonia ahead of general election
BBC News, 06/11/2019: Spanish election: Five face off in race to run Spain
France24, 07/11/2019: Spain to hold fresh election under cloud of Catalan crisis
Politico, 11/11/2019: Spain’s Socialists win election, but deadlock continues
Reuters, 11/11/2019: Spain's far right doubles seats in hung parliament, difficult talks ahead
Euronews, 11/11/2019: Spanish elections: Citizens' Party leader Albert Rivera resigns after poor electoral score

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