Spanish general election, 10 November 2019

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Publication Date 2019
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Summary:

Reports, analyses and information related to the legislative election taking place in Spain on 10 November 2019.

Further information:

The snap parliamentary election was called following the dissolution of the Parliament, which was unable to endorse a candidate for Prime Minister following a previous election held in April 2019. In fact, this would be the fourth general election in the country in four years.

The issue relating to Catalonia's autonomy was again a dominant feature of the election campaign, as tension increased following a court decision on the leading figures of the pro-independence movement in the region. It was also notorious the public fatigue over the inability to secure a parliamentary majority and a stable government, which has led to successive elections. Polls ahead of the election suggested that the incumbent centre-left PSOE would once again secure a victory and yet far from a parliamentary majority, which led analysts to wonder whether the election would solve the deadlock. The same polls also suggested substantial gains for the far-right VOX party.

The electoral results largely confirmed the forecast - while the governing PSOE did win the election, it was unable to secure a majority nor retain the same amount of seats it enjoyed prior to the election. The far-right VOX was the party most benefiting from the election, more than doubling its previous result and becoming the third largest political force in Parliament. In contrast, the centre-right Ciudadanos collapsed and lost most of its parliamentary presence. As a result, its leader Albert Rivera resigned. The number of regionalist parties seating in Parliament increased considerably. Analysts suggested it had become even harder for any party to secure a stable government following this election.

However, on 12 November, the Socialist Party and Unidas Podemos reached an unexpected deal to form a coalition. The combination of PSOE and Unidas Podemos only yields 155 seats, compare to the 176 required for a parliamentary majority. Therefore, they need endorsement from other parties.

Related Link(s)
Commentary and Analysis
Wikipedia: November 2019 Spanish general election https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_2019_Spanish_general_election
IFES Election Guide: Election for Spanish Congress of Deputies http://www.electionguide.org/elections/id/3359/
Poll of the Polls: Spain — November 2019 general election https://www.politico.eu/europe-poll-of-polls/spain/
Robert Schuman Foundation: Analysis, 22/10/2019: Fourth parliamentary elections in four years for the Spanish https://www.robert-schuman.eu/en/eem/1850-fourth-parliamentary-elections-in-four-years-for-the-spanish
Foreign Policy, 29/10/2019: Tough Talk on Catalonia Might Win an Election, but It Won’t Unite Spain https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/10/29/tough-talk-on-catalonia-might-win-an-election-but-it-wont-unite-spain/
Euronews, 31/10/2019: Can Spain end political stalemate with fourth election in four years? https://www.euronews.com/2019/10/31/can-spain-end-political-stalemate-with-fourth-election-in-four-years
El Pais, 04/11/2019: November 10 general election: The campaign so far https://elpais.com/elpais/2019/11/04/inenglish/1572857701_632695.html
Pew Research Center, 04/11/2019: 5 facts about public opinion in Spain as its election nears https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2019/11/04/5-facts-about-public-opinion-in-spain-as-its-election-nears/
Euro|topics, November 2019: Elections in Spain: are they worthwhile? https://www.eurotopics.net/en/227128/
Politico, 06/11/2019: Divided Spain heads into another fraught election https://www.politico.eu/article/spain-political-deadlock-pedro-sanchez-socialists-vox-podemos-popular-party-catalonia-ciudadanos/
The Local (Spain), 10/11/2019: What do the election results mean for Spain? https://www.thelocal.es/20191110/what-do-election-results-mean-for-spain
The Local (Spain), 10/11/2019: PROFILE: Vox leader Santiago Abascal https://www.thelocal.es/20191110/profile-vox-leader-santiago-abascal
Euronews, 11/11/2019: Political stalemate and the rise of the right: what you need to know about the Spanish Election https://www.euronews.com/2019/11/10/spain-elects-live-updates-as-euronews-follows-yet-another-spanish-election
Euronews, 11/11/2019: Vox: Who are Spain's far-right party and what do they stand for? https://www.euronews.com/2019/11/10/vox-who-are-spain-s-far-right-party-and-what-do-they-stand-for
Euro|topics, November 2019: Elections in Spain bring no relief https://www.eurotopics.net/en/230150/
Politico, 11/11/2019: Hard lessons from Spanish liberals’ electoral collapse https://www.politico.eu/article/hard-lessons-from-spanish-liberal-ciudadanos-albert-rivera-electoral-collapse-pedro-sanchez/
El Pais, 13/11/2019: Spain: How an “impossible” governing coalition was clinched in an hour https://elpais.com/elpais/2019/11/13/inenglish/1573633364_820573.html
Euro|topics, November 2019: Why the Spaniards voted for Vox https://www.eurotopics.net/en/230315/why-the-spaniards-voted-for-vox
Foreign Policy, 16/11/2019: The Left Will Govern Spain, but the Far-Right Is the Real Winner https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/11/16/spain-election-vox-far-right-socialists-winner/
The Local (Spain), 18/11/2019: OPINION: Why the Spanish election result brings hope for Britons fearing Brexit https://www.thelocal.es/20191118/opinion-when-it-comes-to-the-election-can-the-british-government-learn-lessons-from-spain
The Guardian, 18/11/2019: Spain’s new coalition must face up to the Catalan crisis and the rise of the far right https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/nov/18/spain-coalition-catalan-far-right-vox
The Conversation, 19/11/2019: How Spain’s new left-wing coalition fits into Europe’s shifting political allegiances http://theconversation.com/how-spains-new-left-wing-coalition-fits-into-europes-shifting-political-allegiances-127144

News
BBC News, 17/09/2019: Spain to hold fourth election in four years https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-49736118
El Pais, 07/10/2019: New election, new strategy: Spain’s center-right parties change their message https://elpais.com/elpais/2019/10/07/inenglish/1570432888_983235.html
The Local (Spain), 29/10/2019: Spanish elections: Socialists set to win more seats but again fall short of majority https://www.thelocal.es/20191029/elections-socialists-set-to-win-more-seats-but-fall-short-of-majority-new-poll-predicts
El Pais, 04/11/2019: Spain’s new election will not break deadlock, poll shows https://elpais.com/elpais/2019/11/04/inenglish/1572855977_579005.html
Deutsche Welle, 03/11/2019: Spain: Far-right party Vox surges in polls ahead of election https://p.dw.com/p/3SO7h
Reuters, 04/11/2019: Spain's election candidates clash over Catalonia in TV debate https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-spain-election-debate/spains-election-candidates-clash-over-catalonia-in-tv-debate-idUKKBN1XE293
Reuters, 04/11/2019: Three polls point to a new stalemate in Spanish November 10 election https://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKKBN1XE0J4
The Guardian, 06/11/2019: Spain's far-right Vox surges in wake of Catalan independence protests https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/nov/06/barcelona-picks-itself-up-after-protests-as-spain-goes-to-polls
El País, 06/11/2019: Thousands of police officers deployed in Catalonia ahead of general election https://elpais.com/elpais/2019/11/06/inenglish/1573028642_038177.html
BBC News, 06/11/2019: Spanish election: Five face off in race to run Spain https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-50287559
France24, 07/11/2019: Spain to hold fresh election under cloud of Catalan crisis https://www.france24.com/en/20191107-spain-to-hold-fresh-election-under-cloud-of-catalan-crisis
Politico, 11/11/2019: Spain’s Socialists win election, but deadlock continues https://www.politico.eu/article/spains-socialists-win-election-but-deadlock-continues/
Reuters, 11/11/2019: Spain's far right doubles seats in hung parliament, difficult talks ahead https://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKKBN1XJ0J7
Euronews, 11/11/2019: Spanish elections: Citizens' Party leader Albert Rivera resigns after poor electoral score https://www.euronews.com/2019/11/11/spanish-elections-citizens-party-leader-albert-rivera-resigns-after-poor-electoral-score
Financial Times, 12/11/2019: Spain’s Socialists strike coalition deal with far-left Podemos https://www.ft.com/content/5a93de8c-0551-11ea-a984-fbbacad9e7dd
Reuters, 12/11/2019: Spain's Socialists and Podemos reach unexpected deal to form a coalition https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-spain-election/spains-socialists-and-podemos-reach-unexpected-deal-to-form-a-coalition-idUKKBN1XM1NP

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